Dog Urine Has Acute Impacts on Soil Chemistry in Urban Greenspaces

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dc.contributor.author Allen, John A.
dc.contributor.author Setälä, Heikki
dc.contributor.author Kotze, David Johan
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-21T09:06:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-21T09:06:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-12-22
dc.identifier.citation Allen , J A , Setälä , H & Kotze , D J 2020 , ' Dog Urine Has Acute Impacts on Soil Chemistry in Urban Greenspaces ' , Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution , vol. 8 , 615979 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.615979
dc.identifier.other PURE: 159373813
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: c3319500-7acd-4146-93fd-cc6010e2edea
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000604736000001
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-5230-4001/work/87789026
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-5904-1929/work/87789082
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324989
dc.description.abstract Urban residents and their pets utilize urban greenspaces daily. As urban dog ownership rates increase globally, urban greenspaces are under mounting pressure even as the benefits and services they provide become more important. The urine of dogs is high in nitrogen (N) and may represent a significant portion of the annual urban N load. We examined the spatial distribution and impact of N deposition from dog urine on soils in three urban greenspace typologies in Finland: Parks, Tree Alleys, and Remnant Forests. We analyzed soil from around trees, lampposts and lawn areas near walking paths, and compared these to soils from lawn areas 8 m away from pathways. Soil nitrate, ammonium, total N concentrations, and electrical conductivity were significantly higher and soil pH significantly lower near path-side trees and poles relative to the 8 m lawn plots. Also, stable isotope analysis indicates that the primary source of path-side N are distinct from those of the 8 m lawn plots, supporting our hypothesis that dogs are a significant source of N in urban greenspaces, but that this deposition occurs in a restricted zone associated with walking paths. Additionally, we found that Remnant Forests were the least impacted of the three typologies analyzed. We recommend that landscape planners acknowledge this impact, and design parks to reduce or isolate this source of N from the wider environment. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject urban
dc.subject parks
dc.subject greenspace
dc.subject dogs (Canis familiaris)
dc.subject nitrogen
dc.subject soil
dc.subject urine
dc.subject city
dc.subject ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
dc.subject WATER-QUALITY
dc.subject GREEN-SPACE
dc.subject NITROGEN
dc.subject PARKS
dc.subject PHOSPHORUS
dc.subject NITRATE
dc.subject WALKING
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.title Dog Urine Has Acute Impacts on Soil Chemistry in Urban Greenspaces en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Urban and Regional Studies (Urbaria)
dc.contributor.organization Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
dc.contributor.organization Urban Ecosystems
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.615979
dc.relation.issn 2296-701X
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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