CarbonSink+: Accounting for multiple climate feedbacks from forests

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Kulmala , M , Ezhova , E , Kalliokoski , T , Noe , S , Vesala , T , Lohila , A , Liski , J , Makkonen , R , Bäck , J , Petäjä , T & Kerminen , V-M 2020 , ' CarbonSink+: Accounting for multiple climate feedbacks from forests ' , Boreal Environment Research , vol. 25 , pp. 145-159 .

Title: CarbonSink+: Accounting for multiple climate feedbacks from forests
Author: Kulmala, Markku; Ezhova, Ekaterina; Kalliokoski, Tuomo; Noe, Steffen; Vesala, Timo; Lohila, Annalea; Liski, Jari; Makkonen, Risto; Bäck, Jaana; Petäjä, Tuukka; Kerminen, Veli-Matti
Contributor organization: Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Global Atmosphere-Earth surface feedbacks
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Forest Ecology and Management
Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Micrometeorology and biogeochemical cycles
Ecosystem processes (INAR Forest Sciences)
Department of Forest Sciences
Department of Physics
Forest Modelling Group
Date: 2020
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Boreal Environment Research
ISSN: 1239-6095
Abstract: Forests cool the climate system by acting as a sink for carbon dioxide (CO2) and by enhancing the atmospheric aerosol load. whereas the simultaneous decrease of the surface albedo tends to have a warming effect. Here, we present the concept of CarbonSink+. which considers these combined effects. Using the boreal forest environment as an illustrative example, we estimated that accounting for the CarbonSink+ enhances the forest CO2 uptake by 10-50% due to the combined effects of CO2 fertilization and aerosol-induced diffuse radiation enhancement on photosynthesis. We further estimated that with afforestation or reforestation, i.e., replacing grasslands with forests in a boreal environment, the radiative cooling due to forest aerosols cancels most of the radiative warming due to decreased surface albedos. These two forcing components have. however, relatively large uncertainty ranges. resulting in large uncertainties in the overall effect of CarbonSink+. We discuss shortly the potential future changes in the strength of CarbonSink+ in the boreal region, resulting from changes in atmospheric composition and climate.
114 Physical sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion
Funder: Valtion perusrahoitus/hankkeet
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