A detection dog for obstructive sleep apnea : could it work in diagnostics?

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dc.contributor.author Vaarno, Jenni
dc.contributor.author Myller, Jyri
dc.contributor.author Bachour, Adel
dc.contributor.author Koskinen, Heli
dc.contributor.author Bäck, Leif
dc.contributor.author Klockars, Tuomas
dc.contributor.author Koskinen, Anni
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-27T05:49:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-27T05:49:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-12
dc.identifier.citation Vaarno , J , Myller , J , Bachour , A , Koskinen , H , Bäck , L , Klockars , T & Koskinen , A 2020 , ' A detection dog for obstructive sleep apnea : could it work in diagnostics? ' , Sleep and Breathing , vol. 24 , no. 4 , pp. 1653-1656 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02113-1
dc.identifier.other PURE: 144093070
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 15939be1-0497-471b-b203-edb057640860
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000554779600001
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-7367-6613/work/87788488
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/325269
dc.description.abstract Purpose We have previously demonstrated that dogs can be trained to distinguish the urine of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) from that of healthy controls based on olfaction. Encouraged by these promising results, we wanted to investigate if a detection dog could work as a screening tool for OSA. The objective of this study was to prospectively assess the dogs' ability to identify sleep apnea in patients with OSA suspicion. Methods Urine samples were collected from 50 patients suspected of having OSA. The urine sample was classified as positive for OSA when the patient had a respiratory event index of 5/h or more. The accuracy of two trained dogs in identifying OSA was tested in a prospective blinded setting. Results Both of the dogs correctly detected approximately half of the positive and negative samples. There were no statistically significant differences in the dogs' ability to recognize more severe cases of OSA, as compared to milder cases. Conclusion According to our study, dogs cannot be used to screen for OSA in clinical settings, most likely due to the heterogenic nature of OSA. en
dc.format.extent 4
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Sleep and Breathing
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Obstructive sleep apnea
dc.subject OSA
dc.subject Detection dog
dc.subject Screening
dc.subject Diagnostics
dc.subject CANINE SCENT DETECTION
dc.subject OLFACTORY DETECTION
dc.subject CANCER
dc.subject LUNG
dc.subject 3125 Otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology
dc.title A detection dog for obstructive sleep apnea : could it work in diagnostics? en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Clinicum
dc.contributor.organization University of Helsinki
dc.contributor.organization Korva-, nenä- ja kurkkutautien klinikka
dc.contributor.organization HUS Head and Neck Center
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki University Hospital Area
dc.contributor.organization HYKS erva
dc.contributor.organization Päijät-Häme Welfare Consortium
dc.contributor.organization HUS Heart and Lung Center
dc.contributor.organization Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02113-1
dc.relation.issn 1520-9512
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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