Overview of measurements and current instrumentation for 1-10 nm aerosol particle number size distributions

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Kangasluoma , J , Cai , R , Jiang , J , Deng , C , Stolzenburg , D , Ahonen , L R , Chan , T , Fu , Y , Kim , C , Laurila , T M , Zhou , Y , Dada , L , Sulo , J , Flagan , R C , Kulmala , M , Petaja , T & Lehtipalo , K 2020 , ' Overview of measurements and current instrumentation for 1-10 nm aerosol particle number size distributions ' , Journal of Aerosol Science , vol. 148 , 105584 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2020.105584

Title: Overview of measurements and current instrumentation for 1-10 nm aerosol particle number size distributions
Author: Kangasluoma, Juha; Cai, Runlong; Jiang, Jingkun; Deng, Chenjuan; Stolzenburg, Dominik; Ahonen, Lauri R.; Chan, Tommy; Fu, Yueyun; Kim, Changhyuk; Laurila, Tiia M.; Zhou, Ying; Dada, Lubna; Sulo, Juha; Flagan, Richard C.; Kulmala, Markku; Petaja, Tuukka; Lehtipalo, Katrianne
Contributor organization: INAR Physics
Air quality research group
Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Department of Physics
Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 29
Belongs to series: Journal of Aerosol Science
ISSN: 0021-8502
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2020.105584
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/325495
Abstract: Interest in understanding gas-to-particle phase transformation in several disciplines such as at-mospheric sciences, material synthesis, and combustion has led to the development of several distinct instruments that can measure the particle size distributions down to the sizes of large molecules and molecular clusters, at which the initial particle formation and growth takes place. These instruments, which include the condensation particle counter battery, a variety of electrical mobility spectrometers and the particle size magnifier, have been usually characterized in lab-oratory experiments using carefully prepared calibration aerosols. They are then applied, alone or in combination, to study the gas-to-particle transition in experiments that produce particles with a wide range of compositions and other properties. Only a few instrument intercomparisons in either laboratory or field conditions have been reported, raising the question: how accurately can the sub-10 nm particle number size distributions be measured with the currently available instrumentation? Here, we review previous studies in which sub-10 nm particle size distributions have been measured with at least two independent instruments. We present recent data from three sites that deploy the current state-of-the-art instrumentation: Hyytiala, Beijing, and the CLOUD chamber. After discussing the status of the sub-10 nm size distribution measurements, we present a comprehensive uncertainty analysis for these methods that suggests that our present understanding on the sources of uncertainties quite well captures the observed deviations be-tween different instruments in the size distribution measurements. Finally, based on present understanding of the characteristics of a number of systems in which gas-to-particle conversion takes place, and of the instrumental limitations, we suggest guidelines for selecting suitable in-struments for various applications.
Subject: Aerosol size distribution
Instrumentation
Uncertainty analysis
Review
Sub-10 nm
DIFFERENTIAL MOBILITY ANALYZER
CONDENSATION NUCLEUS COUNTER
BIPOLAR CHARGE-DISTRIBUTION
HIGH-RESOLUTION
SULFURIC-ACID
NEUTRAL CLUSTER
LAMINAR-FLOW
HETEROGENEOUS NUCLEATION
LABORATORY VERIFICATION
CHEMICAL-IONIZATION
114 Physical sciences
116 Chemical sciences
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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