Welfare of cattle at slaughter

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dc.contributor.author EFSA Panel Anim Hlth Welf AHAW
dc.contributor.author Nielsen, Soren Saxmose
dc.contributor.author Winckler, Christoph
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-02T10:41:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-02T10:41:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11
dc.identifier.citation EFSA Panel Anim Hlth Welf AHAW , Nielsen , S S & Winckler , C 2020 , ' Welfare of cattle at slaughter ' , EFSA Journal , vol. 18 , no. 11 , 6275 . https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6275
dc.identifier.other PURE: 159884457
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 43e3bd01-014b-43f7-9ee1-0b070828b379
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000587518400003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/325667
dc.description.abstract The killing of cattle for human consumption (slaughtering) can take place in a slaughterhouse or on farm. The processes of slaughtering that were assessed for welfare, from the arrival of cattle until their death (including slaughtering without stunning), were grouped into three main phases: pre-stunning (including arrival, unloading from the truck, lairage, handling and moving of cattle); stunning (including restraint); and bleeding. Stunning methods were grouped into two categories: mechanical and electrical. Twelve welfare consequences that cattle may be exposed to during slaughter were identified: heat stress, cold stress, fatigue, prolonged thirst, prolonged hunger, impeded movement, restriction of movements, resting problems (inability to rest or discomfort during resting), social stress, pain, fear and distress. Welfare consequences and their relevant animal-based measures are described. In total, 40 welfare hazards that could occur during slaughter were identified and characterised, most of them related to stunning and bleeding. Staff were identified as the origin of 39 hazards, which were attributed to the lack of appropriate skill sets needed to perform tasks or to fatigue. Measures to prevent and correct hazards were identified, and structural and managerial measures were identified as those with a crucial role in prevention. Outcome tables linking hazards, welfare consequences, animal-based measures, origin of hazards, and preventive and corrective measures were developed for each process. Mitigation measures to minimise welfare consequences are proposed. (C) 2020 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority. en
dc.format.extent 107
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof EFSA Journal
dc.rights cc_by_nd
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject cattle
dc.subject bison
dc.subject buffalo
dc.subject slaughter
dc.subject hazards
dc.subject animal welfare consequences
dc.subject animal-based measures
dc.subject preventive/corrective measures
dc.subject HALOTHANE-ANESTHETIZED CALVES
dc.subject HUMAN-ANIMAL INTERACTIONS
dc.subject VENTRAL-NECK INCISION
dc.subject DAIRY-CATTLE
dc.subject ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC RESPONSES
dc.subject CAROTID ARTERIES
dc.subject HEAT-STRESS
dc.subject BLOOD-FLOW
dc.subject TRANSPORT CONDITIONS
dc.subject LIVESTOCK TRANSPORT
dc.subject 413 Veterinary science
dc.title Welfare of cattle at slaughter en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
dc.description.reviewstatus Non peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6275
dc.relation.issn 2314-9396
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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