Association between bridging networks and likelihood of employment among refugees and asylum seekers

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
dc.contributor.author Heinonen, Sanna
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202102031452
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/325789
dc.description.abstract Refugees and asylum seekers and their employment is critical, contemporary topic and challenge in majority of European countries. The employment rates of refugees and asylum seekers are relatively low, yet refugees simultaneously face considerable structural challenges in attaining employment. Their large-scale unemployment is problematic both in political and economic terms, and crucially needs alleviation. Various factors significantly influencing refugees’ employment have been identified in previous academic research, but the role of social networks in relation to likelihood of employment is not clear despite research. Therefore, this study aims to provide statistical viewpoint on how social networks, particularly networks to Finnish-born people, are connected to the employment probability of refugees, and how strong and statistically significant the association is. This study uses data from Migrants’ health and wellbeing (Maahanmuuttajien terveys- ja hyvinvointitutkimus, Maamu) by Finnish Institute of health and welfare (Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos, THL), surveyed in 2010-2012. Maamu study was conducted to examine the living conditions, health, wellbeing and use of services of three immigrant groups of Somalis, Kurds and Russians, and covered 1846 respondents. Refugee group in this study consists mainly of Kurds and Somalis (99,5%), and non-refugee control group mainly of Russians (95%). Association between social networks and employment was analyzed with logistic regression analysis. Sociodemographic factors and measures of physical and mental health, length of residence, language skills, previous education, and ethnicity were used as covariates. Main results of the study indicate that bridging networks are positively and statistically significantly correlated to employment (OR 1.50, CI 95% 1.12-2.01, p 0.006) when refugee status, demographic factors and refugee-specific variables are controlled for. Networks to co-ethnic or other immigrants are not statistically significantly associated to employment. Interaction analysis (p 0.015) revealed that bridging networks are positively associated to employment among both non-refugees (OR 1.07) and refugees (OR 0.80), as without bridging network the likelihood of employment is considerably lower (OR 0.38). Therefore, bridging networks do seem particularly relevant in employment of refugees. Regression analysis examining associations with bridging networks showed especially strong connections to local language skills, and surprisingly, networks to other immigrants. These findings suggest that in Finnish context, immigrants’ bridging networks to Finnish-born people are positively and statistically significantly associated to employment, and the association is especially strong among refugees. Therefore, better enabling refugees to create ties to Finnish-born people could in turn improve their likelihood of employment. However, due to the cross-sectional nature of the study, further studies are needed to examine the causality of bridging networks and employment among refugees and other immigrants. en
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.subject refugees
dc.subject asylum seekers
dc.subject employment
dc.subject social networks
dc.subject bridging capital
dc.title Association between bridging networks and likelihood of employment among refugees and asylum seekers en
dc.title.alternative Sosiaalisten verkostojen ja työllistymisen todennäköisyyden yhteys pakolaisilla ja turvapaikanhakijoilla fi
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dc.subject.yso pakolaiset fi
dc.subject.yso turvapaikanhakijat fi
dc.subject.yso sosiaaliset verkostot fi
dc.subject.yso työllistyminen fi
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202102031452

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