The Role of Perceived Loneliness in Youth Addictive Behaviors : Cross-National Survey Study

Show simple item record Savolainen, Iina Oksanen, Atte Kaakinen, Markus Sirola, Anu Paek, Hye-Jin 2021-02-05T13:10:01Z 2021-02-05T13:10:01Z 2020-01-02
dc.identifier.citation Savolainen , I , Oksanen , A , Kaakinen , M , Sirola , A & Paek , H-J 2020 , ' The Role of Perceived Loneliness in Youth Addictive Behaviors : Cross-National Survey Study ' , Jmir mental health , vol. 7 , no. 1 , 14035 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 159997471
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 3ca4c357-e538-417f-9c20-ccc3f8071409
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000505763800001
dc.description.abstract Background: In the ever-growing and technologically advancing world, an increasing amount of social interaction takes place through the Web. With this change, loneliness is becoming an unprecedented societal issue, making youth more susceptible to various physical and mental health problems. This societal change also influences the dynamics of addiction. Objective: Employing the cognitive discrepancy loneliness model, this study aimed to provide a social psychological perspective on youth addictions. Methods: A comprehensive survey was used to collect data from American (N=1212; mean 20.05, SD 3.19; 608/1212, 50.17% women), South Korean (N=1192; mean 20.61, SD 3.24; 601/1192, 50.42% women), and Finnish (N=1200; mean 21.29, SD 2.85; 600/1200, 50.00% women) youths aged 15 to 25 years. Perceived loneliness was assessed with the 3-item Loneliness Scale. A total of 3 addictive behaviors were measured, including excessive alcohol use, compulsive internet use, and problem gambling. A total of 2 separate models using linear regression analyses were estimated for each country to examine the association between perceived loneliness and addiction. Results: Loneliness was significantly related to only compulsive internet use among the youth in all 3 countries (P Conclusions: The findings reveal existing differences between youths who spend excessive amounts of time online and those who engage in other types of addictive behaviors. Experiencing loneliness is consistently linked to compulsive internet use across countries, although different underlying factors may explain other forms of addiction. These findings provide a deeper understanding in the mechanisms of youth addiction and can help improve prevention and intervention work, especially in terms of compulsive internet use. en
dc.format.extent 14
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Jmir mental health
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject youth
dc.subject problem behavior
dc.subject excessive alcohol consumption
dc.subject internet
dc.subject gambling
dc.subject loneliness
dc.subject ALCOHOL-USE
dc.subject AUDIT-C
dc.subject SCALE
dc.subject ADOLESCENT
dc.subject CONSUMPTION
dc.subject DRINKING
dc.subject 5141 Sociology
dc.title The Role of Perceived Loneliness in Youth Addictive Behaviors : Cross-National Survey Study en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 2368-7959
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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