The Mustajarvi orogenic gold occurrence, Central Lapland Greenstone Belt, Finland : a telluride-dominant mineral system

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Mueller , M , Peltonen , P , Eilu , P , Goldfarb , R & Hanski , E 2020 , ' The Mustajarvi orogenic gold occurrence, Central Lapland Greenstone Belt, Finland : a telluride-dominant mineral system ' , Mineralium Deposita , vol. 55 , no. 8 , pp. 1625-1646 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00126-020-00990-w

Title: The Mustajarvi orogenic gold occurrence, Central Lapland Greenstone Belt, Finland : a telluride-dominant mineral system
Author: Mueller, Matthias; Peltonen, Petri; Eilu, Pasi; Goldfarb, Richard; Hanski, Eero
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Petrology and Geochemistry
Date: 2020-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: Mineralium Deposita
ISSN: 0026-4598
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/326287
Abstract: The Mustajarvi gold occurrence lies in the southern part of the Paleoproterozoic Central Lapland Greenstone Belt, in proximity to the first-order transcrustal Venejoki thrust fault system. The gold occurrence is structurally controlled by the second-order Mustajarvi shear zone, which is located at the contact between siliciclastic metasedimentary and mafic to ultramafic metavolcanic rocks. The main mineralization comprises a set of parallel veins and sulfidized rocks that are slightly oblique to the shear zone and are hosted by third-order structures likely representing Riedel R-type shears. The gold-mineralized rock at Mustajarvi is associated with pyrite that is present in 0.15- to 1-m-wide quartz-pyrite-tourmaline veins and in zones of massive pyrite in the host rocks with thicknesses ranging from 1.15 to 2 m. In unweathered rock, hypogene gold is hosted by Au- and Au-Bi-telluride micro-inclusions in pyrite, whereas strong weathering at near surface levels has caused a remobilization of gold, resulting in free gold deposited mainly in the cracks of oxidized pyrite. The geochemistry of both mineralization styles is typical of orogenic gold systems with strong enrichments comprising Au, B, Bi, CO2, Te, and Se; and less consistent anomalous amounts of Ag, As, Sb, and W. Unusual for orogenic gold deposits is the strong enrichment of Ni and Co, which leads to the classification of Mustajarvi as orogenic gold occurrence with atypical metal association.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
Mustajarvi
Gold
Tellurides
Orogenic gold
Central Lapland Greenstone Belt
Finland
HYDROTHERMAL FLUID
TECTONIC EVOLUTION
DEPOSITS
NORTHERN
GA
CONSTRAINTS
PROVINCE
ABITIBI
CANADA
ZONE
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