Contamination of plants, soil, and building stones at a Roman heritage archaeological site in an urban area

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Al Bawab , A , Al-Hunaiti , A , Abu Mallouh , S , Bozeya , A , Abu-Zurayk , R & Hussein , T 2020 , ' Contamination of plants, soil, and building stones at a Roman heritage archaeological site in an urban area ' , Fresenius Environmental Bulletin , vol. 29 , no. 3 , pp. 1322-1333 .

Title: Contamination of plants, soil, and building stones at a Roman heritage archaeological site in an urban area
Author: Al Bawab, Abeer; Al-Hunaiti, Afnan; Abu Mallouh, Saida; Bozeya, Ayat; Abu-Zurayk, Rund; Hussein, Tareq
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics


Date: 2020
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Fresenius Environmental Bulletin
ISSN: 1018-4619
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/326375
Abstract: Some cultural heritage sites in Jordan are in urban areas being exposed to anthropogenic pollution. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the contamination at these sites to protect them. Here, we considered a Roman archeological site (Nymphaeum) situated in Amman. The contamination in soil, plants, and building stones did not show spatial distribution within the site. The contamination was the highest in soil (heavy metals 10(4) -10(7) ppb and sulfur similar to 3.5x10(6) ppb) whereas in plants was the least for Cr (similar to 400 ppb) and in building stones it was the least for Cu (similar to 860 ppb). The highest contamination in plants and building stones was found for Al (similar to 5x10(4) and similar to 6.2x10(5) ppb respectively). The sulfur content in plants (similar to 7.6x10(5) ppb) was higher than that in the building stones (similar to 2.3x10(5) ppb). The heavy metals and sulfur contamination in the building stones were lower than what was reported elsewhere outside Jordan.
Subject: Nymphaeum
Heavy Metals
Sulphur
Stone Degradation
Stone Restoration
HEAVY-METALS
AIR-POLLUTION
PARTICULATE MATTER
SUNFLOWER PLANTS
DRY DEPOSITION
LEAD-TOLERANCE
BIOINDICATORS
EMISSIONS
PHYTOREMEDIATION
DETERIORATION
1172 Environmental sciences
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