Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community

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Heino , E , Fröjd , S , Marttunen , M & Kaltiala , R 2020 , ' Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community ' , Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , vol. 8 , pp. 166-175 . https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2020-017

Title: Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community
Author: Heino, Elias; Fröjd, Sari; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaltiala, Riittakerttu
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Psychiatry




Date: 2020
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology
ISSN: 2245-8875
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2020-017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/326841
Abstract: Background: Sexuality is a major facet of development during adolescence. Apace with normal sexual development, sexual experiences become more common and intimate. Recent research reports mixed results as to whether this is the case among transgender identifying adolescents. Recent research also suggests that trans youth experience negative sexual experiences (such as dating violence and sexual harassment) more often than their cisgender identifying peers. However, most studies have had clinical or selected samples. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the normative as well as negative sexual experiences of trans youth with their cisgender peers in the general population. Method: Our study included 1386 pupils of the ninth year of comprehensive school in Finland, mean age (SD) 15.59 (0.41) years. We compared sexual experiences, sexual harassment and dating violence among trans youth and their cisgender identifying peers. Distributions of the outcome variables were calculated among the whole sample and by sex. Next, multivariate associations were studied using logistic regression adjusting for age, sex, honesty of responding and depression. Odds Ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) are given. Results: After adjusting for age, sex, honesty of responding and ultimately for depression, normative sexual experiences of trans youth did not differ systematically from those of the mainstream, cisgender identifying youth. After adjusting for sex, age and honesty, transgender youth had increased Odds Ratios for experiences of sexual coercion and dating violence perpetration. In the final models however, no statistically significant differences were detected in the negative sexual experiences between transgender and cisgender youth. Conclusion: Transgender identifying adolescents presented neither with delayed nor with excessively advanced sexual experiences. However, transgender youth seem to be more susceptible to subjection to sexual coercion and, unexpectedly, dating violence perpetration than their cisgender peers. However, these associations may in fact relate more closely to depression, a prevalent phenomenon among trans youth, than transgender identity itself.
Subject: Transgender
adolescent
sexual experiences
sexual harassment
dating violence
SELF-REPORTED DEPRESSION
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
HARASSMENT
RISK
BEHAVIOR
HEALTH
YOUTH
VICTIMIZATION
ORIENTATION
INVOLVEMENT
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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