Cycling but not walking to work or study is associated with physical fitness, body composition and clustered cardiometabolic risk in young men

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Vaara , J P , Vasankari , T , Fogelholm , M , Koski , H & Kyrolainen , H 2020 , ' Cycling but not walking to work or study is associated with physical fitness, body composition and clustered cardiometabolic risk in young men ' , Bmj open sport & exercise medicine , vol. 6 , no. 1 , 000668 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000668

Title: Cycling but not walking to work or study is associated with physical fitness, body composition and clustered cardiometabolic risk in young men
Author: Vaara, Jani P.; Vasankari, Tommi; Fogelholm, Mikael; Koski, Harri; Kyrolainen, Heikki
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Food Chain and Health
Date: 2020
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Bmj open sport & exercise medicine
ISSN: 2398-9459
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/326925
Abstract: IntroductionActive commuting is an inexpensive and accessible form of physical activity and may be beneficial to health. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of active commuting and its subcomponents, cycling and walking, with cardiometabolic risk factors, physical fitness and body composition in young men.MethodsParticipants were 776 Finnish young (267 years), healthy adult men. Active commuting was measured with self-report. Waist circumference was measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated. Aerobic fitness was measured with bicycle ergometer and muscular fitness with maximal leg and bench press, sit-ups, push-ups and standing long jump. Cardiometabolic risk factors were analysed from blood samples and selected variables (glucose, insulin, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, as well as systolic and diastolic blood pressure) were further converted to z-score to form clustered cardiometabolic risk.ResultsA total of 24% used active commuting consisting of 10% of walkers and 14% of cyclists. After adjustments for age, smoking, time of year, leisure-time and occupational physical activities, cycling was inversely associated with the clustered cardiometabolic risk (beta=-0.11, 95% CI -0.22 to -0.01), while walking was not (beta=-0.04, 95% CI -0.16 to 0.08). However, further adjustment for waist circumference attenuated the associations to non-significant. Moreover, cycling but not walking was inversely associated with BMI, waist circumference and maximal strength, while a positive association was observed with aerobic fitness (p
Subject: aerobic fitness
cardiovascular epidemiology
cycling
physical activity
walking
LEISURE-TIME EXERCISE
CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS
SCHOOL
OVERWEIGHT
OBESITY
TRAVEL
WOMEN
3143 Nutrition
416 Food Science
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