Bishops and People : Looking for Local Religious Life in Late Antiquity

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/326943

Citation

Kahlos , M 2021 , ' Bishops and People : Looking for Local Religious Life in Late Antiquity ' , Entangled religions , vol. 12 , no. 1 . https://doi.org/10.46586/er.12.2021.8775

Title: Bishops and People : Looking for Local Religious Life in Late Antiquity
Author: Kahlos, Maijastina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies
Date: 2021-02-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: Entangled religions
ISSN: 2363-6696
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/326943
Abstract: The religiosity of late antique and early medieval communities in the Mediterranean world has been vigorously examined and debated. This religious life has been called (among many other terms) ‘popular Christianity,’ ‘local Christianity,’ the ‘second church,’ ‘Religion zweiter Ordnung,’ and ‘the third paganism.’ In my article, I analyse late antique religious life from the viewpoint of encounters—between the ideals of the ecclesiastical elite and the people’s local cultic practices. These practices, embedded in the local communities, varied by regions but we can see similarities in the interaction of bishops with their local population. I will show how the ecclesiastical writers portrayed local cultic practices in negative terms as another religion (‘paganism,’ ‘idolatry,’ ‘demonic/ diabolic practices’), divergent from their own (‘Christianity’), or even as a distortion beyond ‘proper’ religion (‘magic’, ‘superstition’, ‘sacrilege’). In my analysis, I discuss and test various approaches that scholars have developed to understand the tensions between the bishops and the local people: David Frankfurter (local religion), Rubina Raja and Jörg Rüpke (local lived religion), and Nicola Denzey Lewis (magic as lived religion), Lisa Kaaren Bailey (lay religion) and Lucy Grig (popular culture). My focus is on the western Mediterranean world from the fourth to sixth centuries, and the cases of polemical encounters I analyse come from the writings of North Italian, Gallic and Hispanic bishops (Paulinus of Nola, Maximus of Turin, Philaster of Brescia, Caesarius of Arles, and Martin of Braga). I also compare the North Italian, Gallic and Hispanic situations with those in North Africa depicted by Augustine of Hippo.
Subject: 615 History and Archaeology
Roman Antiquity
early Christianity
Late antiquity
Lived religion
paganism
popular Christianity
bishops
syncretism
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
8775_Article_Text_5556_1_10_20210215.pdf 187.5Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record