Diversity of Pre-colonial Earthworks in the Brazilian State of Acre, Southwestern Amazonia

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Saunaluoma , S , Pärssinen , M & Schaan , D 2018 , ' Diversity of Pre-colonial Earthworks in the Brazilian State of Acre, Southwestern Amazonia ' , Journal of Field Archaeology , vol. 43 , no. 5 , pp. 362-379 . https://doi.org/10.1080/00934690.2018.1483686

Title: Diversity of Pre-colonial Earthworks in the Brazilian State of Acre, Southwestern Amazonia
Author: Saunaluoma, Sanna; Pärssinen, Martti; Schaan, Denise
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Cultures
Date: 2018
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Journal of Field Archaeology
ISSN: 0093-4690
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/327072
Abstract: Amazonian earthworks, which are an important testimony to ancient anthropogenic landscape modifications, have a significant variety of structures and sizes, and are found in different geographical and ecological locations that indicate separate time periods, distinct cultural affiliations, and diverse purposes. We introduce data from diverse archaeological earthwork sites, geoglyphs, mound sites, and walled enclosures situated in the interfluves of the Purus River in the Brazilian state of Acre and propose a type definition for these sites. The abundant anthropogenic landscape features and their associated material culture indicate considerable human-induced environmental alterations and diverse earthworking traditions that are characteristic of the region of eastern Acre from at least ca. 2000 b.p. onwards.
Subject: Amazonia
Acre state
terra firme
earthworks
landscape archaeology
GEOMETRIC EARTHWORKS
WESTERN AMAZONIA
UPPER PURUS
ARCHAEOLOGY
LANDSCAPE
BOLIVIA
CONSTRUCTION
BUILDERS
FORESTS
LLANOS
615 History and Archaeology
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