Genetics and genomics of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) : Current status, future challenges, and biotechnological opportunities toward a sustainable bamboo industry

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Ramakrishnan , M , Yrjälä , K , Vinod , K K , Sharma , A , Cho , J , Satheesh , V & Zhou , M 2020 , ' Genetics and genomics of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) : Current status, future challenges, and biotechnological opportunities toward a sustainable bamboo industry ' , Food and Energy Security , vol. 9 , no. 4 , 229 . https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.229

Title: Genetics and genomics of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) : Current status, future challenges, and biotechnological opportunities toward a sustainable bamboo industry
Author: Ramakrishnan, Muthusamy; Yrjälä, Kim; Vinod, Kunnummal Kurungara; Sharma, Anket; Cho, Jungnam; Satheesh, Viswanathan; Zhou, Mingbing
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)

Date: 2020-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 36
Belongs to series: Food and Energy Security
ISSN: 2048-3694
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.229
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/327079
Abstract: Sustainable goals for contemporary world seek viable solutions for interconnected challenges, particularly in the fields of food and energy security and climate change. We present bamboo, one of the versatile plant species on earth, as an ideal candidate for bioeconomy for meeting some of these challenges. With its potential realized, particularly in the industrial sector, countries such as China are going extensive with bamboo development and cultivation to support a myriad of industrial uses. These include timber, fiber, biofuel, paper, food, and medicinal industries. Bamboo is an ecologically viable choice, having better adaptation to wider environments than do other grasses, and can help to restore degraded lands and mitigate climate change. Bamboo, as a crop species, has not become amenable to genetic improvement, due to its long breeding cycle, perennial nature, and monocarpic behavior. One of the commonly used species, moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) is a potential candidate that qualifies as industrial bamboo. With its whole-genome information released, genetic manipulations of moso bamboo offer tremendous potential to meet the industrial expectations either in quality or in quantity. Further, bamboo cultivation can expect several natural hindrances through biotic and abiotic stresses, which needs viable solutions such as genetic resistance. Taking a pragmatic view of these future requirements, we have compiled the present status of bamboo physiology, genetics, genomics, and biotechnology, particularly of moso bamboo, to drive various implications in meeting industrial and cultivation requirements. We also discuss challenges underway, caveats, and contextual opportunities concerning sustainable development.
Subject: bamboo industry
bioeconomy
biotechnology
genomics
moso bamboo
Phyllostachys edulis
sustainable development
transposons
CROSS-SPECIES AMPLIFICATION
TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS
BAMBUSA-EDULIS
SSR MARKERS
MICROSATELLITE MARKERS
POACEAE BAMBUSOIDEAE
WIDE IDENTIFICATION
PHYLOGENETIC-RELATIONSHIPS
TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS
FUNCTIONAL-ANALYSIS
4112 Forestry
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