Ethnic discrimination against second-generation immigrants in hiring : empirical evidence from a correspondence test

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/327195

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Ahmad , A 2020 , ' Ethnic discrimination against second-generation immigrants in hiring : empirical evidence from a correspondence test ' , European Societies , vol. 22 , no. 5 , pp. 659-681 . https://doi.org/10.1080/14616696.2020.1822536

Title: Ethnic discrimination against second-generation immigrants in hiring : empirical evidence from a correspondence test
Author: Ahmad, Akhlaq
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
Date: 2020-10-19
Language: eng
Number of pages: 23
Belongs to series: European Societies
ISSN: 1461-6696
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/327195
Abstract: This article presents the findings of a field experiment on ethnic discrimination against second-generation immigrants in the Finnish labour market. Five job applicants of Finnish, English, Iraqi, Russian and Somali origin sent equivalent job applications to each of 1000 publicly advertised vacancies. They all had identical qualifications, but differed in one respect, that is, their name. The findings strongly suggest the existence of ethnic hierarchical orderings in the labour market. They reflect that locally gained human capital not only does not equalise employment opportunities for immigrants as such but also rewards them differentially based on their origin, with non-European applicants being the least preferred choices. The findings also reveal that discrimination did not only manifest itself in low callback rates for immigrants but also the order in which employers contacted the different applicants. In a further set of 200 job openings tested in which applicants of immigrant origin had two years more experience than the Finnish candidate, the systematic differences in patterns of callback rates remained the same. Drawing on empirical observations, the article suggests that ethnic hierarches prevailing in society can also extend to the realm of labour markets resulting in unequal employment chances for otherwise equal job applicants.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
Ethnic discrimination
correspondence experiment
recruitment
Finland
immigrants
LABOR-MARKET
AFFIRMATIVE-ACTION
JOB APPLICANTS
HIERARCHY
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