Number Expression in Apurinã (Arawák)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Da Silva Facundes, Sidney
dc.contributor.author Fernanda Pereira de Freitas, Marília
dc.contributor.author Soares de Lima-Padovani, Bruna Fernanda
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-11T15:13:43Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-11T15:13:43Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/327862
dc.description.abstract Apurinã (Arawak), spoken along several tributaries of Purus River (Southwest of Amazonas State, Brazil), presents a plural morphological system that marks pronouns and nouns. The language has some free pronominal forms that distinguish singular from plural; additionally, it has bound pronominal forms, with singular/plural distinction made only in the first person for the enclitic forms. In the case of nouns, there are two suffixes that mark plural, -waku (that occurs only with [+human] nouns, as kyky-waku-ry (man-pl-m) ‘men’), and -ny (that can occurs both, with [+human] nouns, as in pupỹka-ry-ny-ry (indigenous person-m-pl-m) ‘indigenous people’; or [-human] nouns, as in aiku-ny-ry (house-pl-m) ‘houses’). The language also presents some quantifiers and numerals that encode number syntactically. The quantifiers are ithu, kaiãu and kuna kamuny to encode the notion of ‘much’, puiãu, referring to ‘some/few/little’, and ykyny to mean ‘all/every’. Additionally, there are the following numerals: (h)ãty(tu) ‘one’ and epi ‘two’, which combine to derive higher numbers, and the word for ‘hand’, waku/ piu, indicating the numeral five. Thus, the plural marking in the language can be marked in different ways, none of which is, however, required by the grammar. With that in mind, we discuss the extent to which plural marking is, to a great extent, constructed by the speakers in daily language use, according to whether it is contextually important to do so, and raise the question of the relevance of this problem to a computationally implementable grammar of the language. fi
dc.language.iso en
dc.rights CC BY 4.0
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fi
dc.subject Number fi
dc.subject Plural fi
dc.subject Apurinã fi
dc.title Number Expression in Apurinã (Arawák) en
dc.type Book Article fi
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31885/9789515150257.4

Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
4_Facundes_Multilingual_Facilitation.pdf 339.9Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

CC BY 4.0 Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0