Human Rights and Violence: the Hope and the Fear of the Liberal World

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, juridiska fakulteten sv
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law, Public International Law en
dc.contributor The Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights and Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in the Foundations of European Law and Polity Research en Petman, Jarna fi 2012-04-17T06:31:09Z 2012-04-18 fi 2012-04-17T06:31:09Z 2012-04-28 fi
dc.identifier.uri URN:ISBN:978-952-10-7906-1 fi
dc.description.abstract What a paradox human rights are. As positive legal enactments, they are the result of political bargaining and thus speak the language of rules, concrete and verifiable; but they also hold an intangible promise of the universally good that is not reducible to particular political communities, to time or place as such, they reach beyond the mere text of enacted rules and evoke the cosmopolitan purpose of those rules. This dual nature makes human rights strong and accounts for their extraordinary appeal. Because of the co-existence of two separate strands that challenge and threaten each other, however, there is a fundamental tension within rights. This ambivalence is but a reflection of the ambivalence prevailing in human societies. Acknowledging the irredeemability of such irresolution is one of the controlling ideas behind liberal democracies that accordingly accept pluralism as a form of organizing human co-existence. The problem is, though, that in the plurality of equal voices there can be no markers of certainty. This has important consequences for the way in which relations within liberal democracies are governed. This thesis will offer a critical, albeit sympathetic, exploration of the conditions for and possibilities of practising and enforcing human rights with violence, if need be in a conceptual and professional world steeped in ambivalence. Because there can be no general solution to conflicts in which equal and yet different claims compete against each other, the thesis will argue, those who are in positions of power to decide are fundamentally at a loss and therefore fundamentally responsible. The crucial question is not whether we can remain certain that we are right, but whether we can remain responsible for the justice of our causes. This is where the hope and the fear of the liberal world reside. en
dc.description.abstract Väitöskirja analysoi ihmisoikeuksien hallinnoinnin mahdollisuuksia ja rajoja liberaalissa pluralismissa eli ristiriitaisuuksien maailmassa. Se pyrkii samalla selvittämään, miksi ihmisoikeuksien ja väkivallan dikotomia ei (myöskään) kansainvälisessä elämässä ole säännöin ratkaistavissa. fi
dc.language.iso en fi
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Publikationen är skyddad av upphovsrätten. Den får läsas och skrivas ut för personligt bruk. Användning i kommersiellt syfte är förbjuden. sv
dc.subject oikeustiede fi
dc.title Human Rights and Violence: the Hope and the Fear of the Liberal World en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (monografia) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (monograph) en
dc.type.ontasot Doktorsavhandling (monografi) sv
dc.opn Gearty, Conor fi
dc.type.dcmitype Text fi

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