Designing an open-source cloud-native MLOps pipeline

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202103301763
Title: Designing an open-source cloud-native MLOps pipeline
Author: Mäkinen, Sasu
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2021
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202103301763
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/328526
Thesis level: master's thesis
Degree program: Datatieteen maisteriohjelma
Master's Programme in Data Science
Magisterprogrammet i data science
Specialisation: ei opintosuuntaa
no specialization
ingen studieinriktning
Abstract: Deploying machine learning models is found to be a massive issue in the field. DevOps and Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) has proven to streamline and accelerate deployments in the field of software development. Creating CI/CD pipelines in software that includes elements of Machine Learning (MLOps) has unique problems, and trail-blazers in the field solve them with the use of proprietary tooling, often offered by cloud providers. In this thesis, we describe the elements of MLOps. We study what the requirements to automate the CI/CD of Machine Learning systems in the MLOps methodology. We study if it is feasible to create a state-of-the-art MLOps pipeline with existing open-source and cloud-native tooling in a cloud provider agnostic way. We designed an extendable and cloud-native pipeline covering most of the CI/CD needs of Machine Learning system. We motivated why Machine Learning systems should be included in the DevOps methodology. We studied what unique challenges machine learning brings to CI/CD pipelines, production environments and monitoring. We analyzed the pipeline’s design, architecture, and implementation details and its applicability and value to Machine Learning projects. We evaluate our solution as a promising MLOps pipeline, that manages to solve many issues of automating a reproducible Machine Learning project and its delivery to production. We designed it as a fully open-source solution that is relatively cloud provider agnostic. Configuring the pipeline to fit the client needs uses easy-to-use declarative configuration languages (YAML, JSON) that require minimal learning overhead.
Subject: MLOps
continuous delivery
continuous integration
machine learning
pipeline
cloud-native


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