Analysis of multiple chromosomal rearrangements in the genome of Willisornis vidua using BAC-FISH and chromosome painting on a supposed conserved karyotype

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Ribas , T F A , Pieczarka , J C , Griffin , D K , Kiazim , L G , Nagamachi , C Y , O' Brien , P C M , Ferguson-Smith , M A , Yang , F , Aleixo , A & O'Connor , R E 2021 , ' Analysis of multiple chromosomal rearrangements in the genome of Willisornis vidua using BAC-FISH and chromosome painting on a supposed conserved karyotype ' , Bmc ecology and evolution , vol. 21 , no. 1 , 34 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-021-01768-y

Title: Analysis of multiple chromosomal rearrangements in the genome of Willisornis vidua using BAC-FISH and chromosome painting on a supposed conserved karyotype
Author: Ribas, Talita Fernanda Augusto; Pieczarka, Julio Cesar; Griffin, Darren K.; Kiazim, Lucas G.; Nagamachi, Cleusa Yoshiko; O' Brien, Patricia Caroline Mary; Ferguson-Smith, Malcolm Andrew; Yang, Fengtang; Aleixo, Alexandre; O'Connor, Rebecca E.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Zoology
Date: 2021-03-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Bmc ecology and evolution
ISSN: 2730-7182
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/328638
Abstract: Background Thamnophilidae birds are the result of a monophyletic radiation of insectivorous Passeriformes. They are a diverse group of 225 species and 45 genera and occur in lowlands and lower montane forests of Neotropics. Despite the large degree of diversity seen in this family, just four species of Thamnophilidae have been karyotyped with a diploid number ranging from 76 to 82 chromosomes. The karyotypic relationships within and between Thamnophilidae and another Passeriformes therefore remain poorly understood. Recent studies have identified the occurrence of intrachromosomal rearrangements in Passeriformes using in silico data and molecular cytogenetic tools. These results demonstrate that intrachromosomal rearrangements are more common in birds than previously thought and are likely to contribute to speciation events. With this in mind, we investigate the apparently conserved karyotype of Willisornis vidua, the Xingu Scale-backed Antbird, using a combination of molecular cytogenetic techniques including chromosome painting with probes derived from Gallus gallus (chicken) and Burhinus oedicnemus (stone curlew), combined with Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) probes derived from the same species. The goal was to investigate the occurrence of rearrangements in an apparently conserved karyotype in order to understand the evolutionary history and taxonomy of this species. In total, 78 BAC probes from the Gallus gallus and Taeniopygia guttata (the Zebra Finch) BAC libraries were tested, of which 40 were derived from Gallus gallus macrochromosomes 1-8, and 38 from microchromosomes 9-28. Results The karyotype is similar to typical Passeriformes karyotypes, with a diploid number of 2n = 80. Our chromosome painting results show that most of the Gallus gallus chromosomes are conserved, except GGA-1, 2 and 4, with some rearrangements identified among macro- and microchromosomes. BAC mapping revealed many intrachromosomal rearrangements, mainly inversions, when comparing Willisornis vidua karyotype with Gallus gallus, and corroborates the fissions revealed by chromosome painting. Conclusions Willisornis vidua presents multiple chromosomal rearrangements despite having a supposed conservative karyotype, demonstrating that our approach using a combination of FISH tools provides a higher resolution than previously obtained by chromosome painting alone. We also show that populations of Willisornis vidua appear conserved from a cytogenetic perspective, despite significant phylogeographic structure.
Subject: Antbirds
BAC clones
Chromosome painting
Cytogenetics
Rearrangements
CRYPTIC DIVERSIFICATION
MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS
SYNTENY CONSERVATION
LOWLAND AMAZONIA
CHICKEN
AVES
EVOLUTION
PHYLOGENY
FURNARIIDAE
SPECIATION
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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