Explorations in reported moral behaviors, values, and moral emotions in four countries

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/329561

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Myyry , L , Helkama , K , Silfver-Kuhalampi , M , Petkova , K , Valentim , J P & Liik , K 2021 , ' Explorations in reported moral behaviors, values, and moral emotions in four countries ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 12 , 661172 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.661172

Title: Explorations in reported moral behaviors, values, and moral emotions in four countries
Author: Myyry, Liisa; Helkama, Klaus; Silfver-Kuhalampi, Mia; Petkova, Kristina; Valentim, Joaquim Pires; Liik, Kadi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, The Centre for University Teaching and Learning (HYPE)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
University of Helsinki, Social Psychology
Date: 2021-04-30
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/329561
Abstract: University students (n = 758) from Bulgaria, Estonia, Finland, and Portugal were given a list of morally relevant behaviors (MRB), the Schwartz Value Survey (PVQ40) and Tangney’s TOSCA, measuring empathic guilt, guilt over norm-breaking, and shame. A factor analysis of MRB yielded 4 dimensions: prosocial behaviors, interpersonal transgressions, antisocial behaviors and secret transgressions. Prosocial behaviors were predicted by self-transcendence–self-enhancement (SET) value contrast only while the three transgression categories were associated with both SET and openness to change–conservation (hedonism–conformity) contrast. Norm-breaking guilt was more strongly associated with behaviors than were empathic guilt and shame. However, shame was (positively) associated with secret transgressions in three countries, after controlling for values. The associations were strongest in Bulgaria and Estonia while fewer associations were found in Finland and Portugal. The implications of the findings for the cross-cultural psychology of morality are discussed.
Subject: 516 Educational sciences
5144 Social psychology
guilt
moral behavior
secrets
shame
values
PERSONAL VALUES
SHAME
GUILT
TOSCA
SELF
CULTURES
TIGHT
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