General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-6), and Mental Health Index (MHI-5) : psychometric and predictive properties in a Finnish population-based sample

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dc.contributor.author Elovainio, Marko
dc.contributor.author Hakulinen, Christian
dc.contributor.author Pulkki-Råback, Laura
dc.contributor.author Aalto, Anna-Mari
dc.contributor.author Virtanen, Marianna
dc.contributor.author Partonen, Timo
dc.contributor.author Suvisaari, Jaana
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-11T22:00:13Z
dc.date.available 2022-01-17T13:45:07Z
dc.date.issued 2020-07
dc.identifier.citation Elovainio , M , Hakulinen , C , Pulkki-Råback , L , Aalto , A-M , Virtanen , M , Partonen , T & Suvisaari , J 2020 , ' General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-6), and Mental Health Index (MHI-5) : psychometric and predictive properties in a Finnish population-based sample ' , Psychiatry Research , vol. 289 , 112973 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112973
dc.identifier.other PURE: 144692532
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: e506fdb8-b362-48e6-8ba9-d6e64c113a15
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000558423200004
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-8629-9960/work/82467335
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/329827
dc.description.abstract The short versions of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-6), and Mental Health Index (MHI-5) are all valid and reliable measures of general psychological distress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety. We tested the psychometric properties of the scales, their overlap, and their ability to predict mental health service use using both regression and machine learning (ML, random forest) approaches. Data were from the population-based FinHealth-2017 Study of adults (N = 4270) with data on all of the evaluated instruments. Constructive validity, internal consistency, invariance, and optimal cut-off points in predicting mental health services were tested. Constructive validity was acceptable and all instruments measured their own distinct phenomenon. Some of the item scoring in BDI-6 was not optimal, and the sensitivity and specificity of all scales were relatively weak in predicting service use. Small gender differences emerged in optimal cut-off points. ML did not improve model predictions. GHQ-12, BDI-6, and MHI-5 may be interpreted to measure different constructs of psychological health symptoms, but are not particularly useful predictors of service use. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Psychiatry Research
dc.rights cc_by_nc_nd
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Distress
dc.subject Depression
dc.subject Population
dc.subject Psychometrics
dc.subject Measuring
dc.subject TREATMENT SEEKING
dc.subject 1ST ONSET
dc.subject DISORDERS
dc.subject VALIDATION
dc.subject COUNTRIES
dc.subject VALIDITY
dc.subject SERVICES
dc.subject ANXIETY
dc.subject SCALE
dc.subject DELAY
dc.subject 515 Psychology
dc.title General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-6), and Mental Health Index (MHI-5) : psychometric and predictive properties in a Finnish population-based sample en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Psychology and Logopedics
dc.contributor.organization Psychosocial factors and health
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Education Common Matters
dc.contributor.organization HUS Psychiatry
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112973
dc.relation.issn 0165-1781
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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