Natural Disturbance-Based Forest Management: Moving Beyond Retention and Continuous-Cover Forestry

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330240

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Kuuluvainen , T , Angelstam , P , Frelich , L E , Jogiste , K , Koivula , M , Kubota , Y , Lafleur , B & Macdonald , E 2021 , ' Natural Disturbance-Based Forest Management: Moving Beyond Retention and Continuous-Cover Forestry ' , Frontiers in Forests and Global Change , vol. 4 , 629020 . https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2021.629020

Title: Natural Disturbance-Based Forest Management: Moving Beyond Retention and Continuous-Cover Forestry
Author: Kuuluvainen, Timo; Angelstam, Per; Frelich, Lee E.; Jogiste, Kalev; Koivula, Matti; Kubota, Yasuhiro; Lafleur, Benoit; Macdonald, Ellen
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
Date: 2021-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
ISSN: 2624-893X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330240
Abstract: Global forest area is declining rapidly, along with degradation of the ecological condition of remaining forests. Hence it is necessary to adopt forest management approaches that can achieve a balance between (1) human management designs based on homogenization of forest structure to efficiently deliver economic values and (2) naturally emerging self-organized ecosystem dynamics that foster heterogeneity, biodiversity, resilience and adaptive capacity. Natural disturbance-based management is suggested to provide such an approach. It is grounded on the premise that disturbance is a key process maintaining diversity of ecosystem structures, species and functions, and adaptive and evolutionary potential, which functionally link to sustainability of ecosystem services supporting human well-being. We review the development, ecological and evolutionary foundations and applications of natural disturbance-based forest management. With emphasis on boreal forests, we compare this approach with two mainstream approaches to sustainable forest management, retention and continuous-cover forestry. Compared with these approaches, natural disturbance-based management provides a more comprehensive framework, which is compatible with current understanding of multiple-scale ecological processes and structures, which underlie biodiversity, resilience and adaptive potential of forest ecosystems. We conclude that natural disturbance-based management provides a comprehensive ecosystem-based framework for managing forests for human needs of commodity production and immaterial values, while maintaining forest health in the rapidly changing global environment.
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
4112 Forestry
biodiversity conservation
forest dynamics
forest ecosystem
landscape management
restoration
sustainable forestry
Natural range of variation
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