Mapping hotspots and bundles of forest ecosystem services across the European Union

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dc.contributor.author Orsi, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Ciolli, Marvo
dc.contributor.author Primmer, Eeva
dc.contributor.author Varumo, Liisa
dc.contributor.author Geneletti, Davide
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-31T13:12:22Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-31T13:12:22Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Orsi, Francesco et al. 2020. Mapping hotspots and bundles of forest ecosystem services across the European Union. Land Use Policy 99: 104840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104840 fi
dc.identifier.issn 1873-5754
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330400
dc.description Highlights • Forest ecosystem service (FES) supply varies a lot due to climatic-ecological reasons. • Mountain and central European forests are hotspots of up to 4 FES simultaneously. • Wood, climate regulation, recreation are moderately to strongly positively related. • Central EU hosts a “wood & water” bundle, Southern EU a “rural-recreational” bundle. • Bundle and administrative maps inform on the complementarity of countries’ FES.
dc.description.abstract Forests cover about 40 % of the European Union (EU), providing a wide spectrum of invaluable ecosystem services to more than half a billion people. In order to protect and harness this crucial asset, EU policies are advancing multifunctional management. This study lays a basis for such an effort by mapping the supply of key forest ecosystem services (FES) across the entire EU: wood, water supply, erosion control, pollination, habitat protection, soil formation, climate regulation and recreation. To further support the operationalization of multifunctionality and targeting of policies, our analysis delineates hotspots, assesses synergies and tradeoffs, and identifies spatial bundles. We generated maps at 1-km resolution starting from existing datasets through simple modelling (Tier 1). Out of these maps, we denoted the highest supplying pixels (i.e. top 20 %) as hotspots, and performed correlation analysis to detect synergies and tradeoffs. Finally, we used cluster analysis to identify FES bundles. Our analysis shows that hotspots of single FES are spread across the entire EU and that forests of mountain regions and Central Europe (particularly France, Germany, Slovakia) supply significant amounts of multiple FES. The cluster analysis resulted in four bundles: “balanced” in the northeast, “wood & water” in the center, “soil carbon” in the north and “rural-recreational” in the south. While a purely quantitative analysis of the produced maps may be misleading because of the strong links between FES supply and climatic and socio-economic conditions, overlaying hotspots and bundles with administrative layers can be a first step to inform about the role of different countries and regions in securing the sustainable supply of European FES. fi
dc.language.iso en fi
dc.publisher Butterworth Scientific fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Land Use Policy 99 : 104840 fi
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
dc.subject ecosystem service supply fi
dc.subject synergies fi
dc.subject tradeoffs fi
dc.subject multifunctional forest management fi
dc.subject forests
dc.subject soil
dc.subject forestry
dc.subject forest ecosystems
dc.subject climate changes
dc.subject climate protection
dc.subject cluster analysis
dc.subject environmental effects
dc.subject ecosystem services
dc.subject recreational use
dc.subject biodiversity
dc.subject climate
dc.subject water services
dc.subject natural diversity
dc.subject silviculture
dc.title Mapping hotspots and bundles of forest ecosystem services across the European Union fi
dc.type Article fi
dc.subject.ysa metsät
dc.subject.ysa maaperä
dc.subject.ysa metsätalous
dc.subject.ysa metsäekosysteemit
dc.subject.ysa ilmastonmuutokset
dc.subject.ysa ilmastonsuojelu
dc.subject.ysa klusterianalyysi
dc.subject.ysa ympäristövaikutukset
dc.subject.ysa ekosysteemipalvelut
dc.subject.ysa virkistyskäyttö
dc.subject.ysa biodiversiteetti
dc.subject.ysa ilmasto
dc.subject.ysa vesihuolto
dc.subject.ysa luonnon monimuotoisuus
dc.subject.ysa metsänhoito
dc.identifier.ainekoodi synergies fi
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104840

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