The Use of Digital Technologies at School and Cognitive Learning Outcomes : A Population-Based Study in Finland

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Saarinen , A I L , Lipsanen , J , Hintsanen , M , Huotilainen , M & Keltikangas-Jarvinen , L 2021 , ' The Use of Digital Technologies at School and Cognitive Learning Outcomes : A Population-Based Study in Finland ' , International Journal of Educational Psychology , vol. 10 , no. 1 , pp. 1-26 . https://doi.org/10.17583/ijep.2021.4667

Title: The Use of Digital Technologies at School and Cognitive Learning Outcomes : A Population-Based Study in Finland
Author: Saarinen, Aino I. L.; Lipsanen, Jari; Hintsanen, Mirka; Huotilainen, Minna; Keltikangas-Jarvinen, Liisa
Contributor organization: Department of Biochemistry and Developmental Biology
Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Teachers' Academy
Doctoral Programme in Cognition, Learning, Instruction and Communication
Department of Education
Mind and Matter
Brain, Music and Learning
Medicum
Date: 2021-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: International Journal of Educational Psychology
ISSN: 2014-3591
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17583/ijep.2021.4667
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330658
Abstract: Recently, the use of information and communications technology (ICT) at school has been extensively increased in Finland. This study investigated whether the use of ICT at school is linked to students 'learning outcomes in Finland. We used the Finnish PISA 2015 data (N=5037). Cognitive learning outcomes (i.e. science, mathematics, reading, collaborative problem-solving) were evaluated with computer-based tests. ICT use at school, ICT availability at school, and students' perceived ICT competence were assessed with self-rating questionnaires. Frequent ICT use at school predicted students' weaker performance in all the cognitive learning outcomes, when adjusted for age, gender, parental socioeconomic status, students' ICT competence, and ICT availability at school. Further, the effect of ICT use on learning outcomes was more negative in students with higher than lower ICT skills. Frequent use of ICT at school appears to be linked to weaker cognitive learning outcomes in Finland. This may be explained by working memory overload and task-switching during the use of digital technologies. This finding also suggests that even though students with ICT skills are good at mechanical use of digital device, they may not have abilities for a goal-oriented and self-directed use of digital technologies that could promote their learning.
Subject: digital learning
learning outcomes
comprehensive school
teaching practices
515 Psychology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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