First measurement of quarkonium polarization in nuclear collisions at the LHC

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The ALICE Collaboration , Acharya , S , Adamova , D , Kim , D J , Krizek , F , Parkkila , J E , Rak , J , Rytkönen , H M , Räsänen , S , Saarimäki , O A M , Slupecki , M , Trzaska , W H & Zhou , Z 2021 , ' First measurement of quarkonium polarization in nuclear collisions at the LHC ' , Physics Letters B , vol. 815 , 136146 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136146

Title: First measurement of quarkonium polarization in nuclear collisions at the LHC
Author: The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, J.; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H.; Zhou, Zhipeng
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, The Czech Academy of Sciences
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, University of Bergen
Date: 2021-04-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Physics Letters B
ISSN: 0370-2693
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136146
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330766
Abstract: The polarization of inclusive J/psi and Upsilon(1S) produced in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV at the LHC is measured with the ALICE detector. The study is carried out by reconstructing the quarkonium through its decay to muon pairs in the rapidity region 2.5 < y < 4 and measuring the polar and azimuthal angular distributions of the muons. The polarization parameters lambda(theta), lambda(phi) and lambda(theta phi) are measured in the helicity and Collins-Soper reference frames, in the transverse momentum interval 2 < p(T) < 10 GeV/c and p(T) < 15 GeV/c for the J/psi and Upsilon(1S), respectively. The polarization parameters for the J/psi are found to be compatible with zero, within a maximum of about two standard deviations at low p(T), for both reference frames and over the whole p(T) range. The values are compared with the corresponding results obtained for pp collisions at root s = 7 and 8 TeV in a similar kinematic region by the ALICE and LHCb experiments. Although with much larger uncertainties, the polarization parameters for Upsilon(1S) production in Pb-Pb collisions are also consistent with zero. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
P(P)OVER-BAR COLLISIONS
J/PSI PRODUCTION
PP COLLISIONS
SUPPRESSION
RAPIDITY
MATTER
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