Docking-Based 3D-QSAR Studies for 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-one Derivatives as FAAH Inhibitors

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Zięba, A.; Laitinen, T.; Patel, J.Z.; Poso, A.; Kaczor, A.A. Docking-Based 3D-QSAR Studies for 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-one Derivatives as FAAH Inhibitors. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 6108.

Title: Docking-Based 3D-QSAR Studies for 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-one Derivatives as FAAH Inhibitors
Author: Zięba, Agata; Laitinen, Tuomo; Patel, Jayendra Z.; Poso, Antti; Kaczor, Agnieszka A.
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-06-06
Abstract: This work aimed to construct 3D-QSAR CoMFA and CoMSIA models for a series of 31 FAAH inhibitors, containing the 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-one moiety. The obtained models were characterized by good statistical parameters: CoMFA Q<sup>2</sup> = 0.61, R<sup>2</sup> = 0.98; CoMSIA Q<sup>2</sup> = 0.64, R<sup>2</sup> = 0.93. The CoMFA model field contributions were 54.1% and 45.9% for steric and electrostatic fields, respectively. In the CoMSIA model, electrostatic, steric, hydrogen bond donor, and hydrogen acceptor properties were equal to 34.6%, 23.9%, 23.4%, and 18.0%, respectively. These models were validated by applying the leave-one-out technique, the seven-element test set (CoMFA r<sup>2</sup><sub>test-set</sub> = 0.91; CoMSIA r<sup>2</sup><sub>test-set</sub> = 0.91), a progressive scrambling test, and external validation criteria developed by Golbraikh and Tropsha (CoMFA r<sup>2</sup><sub>0</sub> = 0.98, k = 0.95; CoMSIA r<sup>2</sup><sub>0</sub> = 0.98, k = 0.89). As the statistical significance of the obtained model was confirmed, the results of the CoMFA and CoMSIA field calculation were mapped onto the enzyme binding site. It gave us the opportunity to discuss the structure–activity relationship based on the ligand–enzyme interactions. In particular, examination of the electrostatic properties of the established CoMFA model revealed fields that correspond to the regions where electropositive substituents are not desired, e.g., in the neighborhood of the 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-one moiety. This highlights the importance of heterocycle, a highly electronegative moiety in this area of each ligand. Examination of hydrogen bond donor and acceptor properties contour maps revealed several spots where the implementation of another hydrogen-bond-donating moiety will positively impact molecules’ binding affinity, e.g., in the neighborhood of the 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-one ring. On the other hand, there is a large isopleth that refers to the favorable H-bond properties close to the terminal phenoxy group of a ligand, which means that, generally speaking, H-bond acceptors are desired in this area.

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