Palindromic sequence-targeted (PST) PCR, version 2: an advanced method for high-throughput targeted gene characterization and transposon display

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Kalendar , R , Shustov , A & Schulman , A 2021 , ' Palindromic sequence-targeted (PST) PCR, version 2: an advanced method for high-throughput targeted gene characterization and transposon display ' , Frontiers in plant science , vol. 12 , 691940 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.691940

Titel: Palindromic sequence-targeted (PST) PCR, version 2: an advanced method for high-throughput targeted gene characterization and transposon display
Författare: Kalendar, Ruslan; Shustov, Alexandr; Schulman, Alan
Upphovmannens organisation: Institute of Biotechnology
Crop Science Research Group
Department of Agricultural Sciences
Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Biosciences
Datum: 2021-06-22
Språk: eng
Sidantal: 12
Tillhör serie: Frontiers in plant science
ISSN: 1664-462X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.691940
Permanenta länken (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10138/331653
Abstrakt: Genome walking (GW), a strategy for capturing previously unsequenced DNA fragments that exist in proximity to a known sequence tag, is currently predominantly based on PCR. Recently developed PCR-based methods allow for combining of sequence-specific primers with designed capturing primers capable of annealing to unknown DNA targets, which offer the rapidity and effectiveness of PCR. This study presents a methodological improvement to the previously described GW technique known as Palindromic Sequence-Targeted PCR (PST-PCR). Like PST-PCR, this new method (called PST-PCR v.2) relies on targeting of capturing primers to palindromic sequences arbitrarily present in natural DNA templates. PST-PCR v.2 consists of two rounds of PCR. The first round uses a combination of one sequence-specific primer with one capturing (PST) primer. The second round uses a combination of a single (preferred) or two universal primers; one anneals to a 5’ tail attached to the sequence-specific primer and the other anneals to a different 5’ tail attached to the PST primer. The key advantage of PST-PCR v.2 is the convenience of using a single universal primer with invariable sequences in GW processes involving various templates. The entire procedure takes approximately 2–3 hours to produce the amplified PCR fragment, which contains a portion of a template flanked by the sequence-specific and capturing primers. PST-PCR v.2 is highly suitable for simultaneous work with multiple samples. For this reason, PST-PCR v.2 can be applied beyond the classical task of GW for studies in population genetics, in which PST-PCR v.2 is a preferred alternative to amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) or next-generation sequencing. Furthermore, the conditions for PST-PCR v.2 are easier to optimize, as only one sequence-specific primer is used. This reduces non-specific Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-like amplification and formation of non-templated amplification. Importantly, akin to the previous version, PST-PCR v.2 is not sensitive to template DNA sequence complexity or quality. This study illustrates the utility of PST-PCR v.2 for transposon display, which is a method to characterize inter- or intra-specific variability related to transposon integration sites. The Ac transposon sequence in the corn (Zea mays) genome was used as a sequence tag during the transposon display procedure to characterize the Ac integration sites.
Subject: 11831 Plant biology
genome walking
transposon display (TD)
palindrome
restriction site
amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)
transposable elements (TE)
biodiversity
ASYMMETRIC INTERLACED PCR
GENOME-WALKING METHOD
JAVA WEB TOOLS
IN-SILICO PCR
FAST PRIMER
AMPLIFICATION
FRAGMENTS
ELEMENTS
FASTPCR
REMAP
Referentgranskad: Ja
Licens: cc_by_nd
Användningsbegränsning: openAccess
Parallelpublicerad version: publishedVersion


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