Properties of HPT-Processed Large Bulks of p-Type Skutterudite DD0.7Fe3CoSb12 with ZT > 1.3

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Vienna , U , Renk , O , Ghosh , S , Mallik , R C , Grytsiv , A , Bursik , J , Schafler , E , Tuomisto , F , Bauer , E & Rogl , P F 2021 , ' Properties of HPT-Processed Large Bulks of p-Type Skutterudite DD0.7Fe3CoSb12 with ZT > 1.3 ' , Acs applied energy materials , vol. 4 , no. 5 , pp. 4831-4844 .

Title: Properties of HPT-Processed Large Bulks of p-Type Skutterudite DD0.7Fe3CoSb12 with ZT > 1.3
Author: Vienna, University; Renk, Oliver; Ghosh, Sanyukta; Mallik, Ramesh Chandra; Grytsiv, Andriy; Bursik, Jiri; Schafler, Erhard; Tuomisto, Filip; Bauer, Ernst; Rogl, Peter Franz
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2021-05-24
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Acs applied energy materials
ISSN: 2574-0962
Abstract: The influence of shear strain on the microstructural, physical, and mechanical properties was studied on large bulk samples (diameter: 30 mm, thickness: 1 or 8 mm), which were consolidated by high-pressure torsion (HPT) from a commercial powder DD0.7Fe3CoSb12. Particularly, the thick sample (mass similar to 53 g) allowed measuring the thermoelectric (TE) properties with respect to various orientations of the specimen in the sample. All data were compared with those of a hot-pressed (HP) reference sample, prepared with the same powder. Transmission electron microscopy, as well as X-ray powder diffraction profile analyses, Hall measurements, and positron annihilation spectroscopy, supported these investigations. Furthermore, synchrotron data for the temperature range from 300 to 825 K were used to evaluate the changes in the grain size and dislocation density as well as the thermal expansion coefficient via the change in the lattice parameter during heating. In addition, hardness and direct thermal expansion measurements of the HPT samples were performed and compared with the HP reference sample's values. With the increase of the shear strain from the center to the rim of the sample, the electrical resistivity becomes higher, whereas the thermal conductivity becomes lower, but the Seebeck coefficient remained almost unchanged. For the thin as well as thick samples, the enhanced electrical resistivity was balanced out by a decreased thermal conductivity such that the maximum ZT values (ZT = 1.3-1.35 at 856 K) do not vary much as a function of the shear strain throughout the sample, however, all ZTs are higher than that of the HP sample. The thermal-electric conversion efficiencies are in the range of 14-15% (for 423-823 K). With similar high ZT values for the n-type skutterudites, fabricated in the same fast and sustainable way, these p- and n-type skutterudites may serve as legs for TE generators, directly cut from the big HPT bulks.
Subject: skutterudites
high-pressure torsion
severe plastic deformation
114 Physical sciences

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