Changes over time in mental health symptoms among adolescents in Tampere, Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/331822

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Knaappila , N , Marttunen , M , Fröjd , S & Kaltiala , R 2021 , ' Changes over time in mental health symptoms among adolescents in Tampere, Finland ' , Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , vol. 9 , pp. 96-104 . https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2021-011

Title: Changes over time in mental health symptoms among adolescents in Tampere, Finland
Author: Knaappila, Noora; Marttunen, Mauri; Fröjd, Sari; Kaltiala, Riittakerttu
Contributor organization: HUS Psychiatry
Clinicum
Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki
Nuorisopsykiatria
Date: 2021
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology
ISSN: 2245-8875
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2021-011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/331822
Abstract: Background: Mental health problems are common in adolescence and seeking help for them is becoming more common. Referrals to adolescent mental healthcare have recently increased in Finland. Objective: To examine time trends in internalizing and externalizing mental health symptoms among Finnish adolescents. Method: A time-trend school survey was conducted among 9th graders (15-year-olds) in Tampere, Finland, in three time periods: 2002-03, 2012-13 and 2018-19 (N = 4,162). Results: Compared to the period 2002-03, prevalence of externalizing symptoms decreased in the period 2012-13 and further in 2018-19. The prevalence of internalizing symptoms did not change significantly between 2002-03 and 2012-13; however, in 2018-19, depression, social anxiety, general anxiety, poor subjective health, stress symptoms among boys, and poor selfesteem increased compared to earlier time periods. The increases were more marked among girls. However, suicidal ideation did not increase in 2018-19 compared to earlier time periods. Conclusion: Whereas the prevalence of externalizing symptoms decreased among Finnish adolescents between 2002-03 and 2018-19, the prevalence of internalizing symptoms increased between 2012-13 and 2018-19. To help to understand the causes of these increases and to prevent internalizing problems, further research on the underlying causes is needed.
Subject: adolescent
adolescent psychiatry
public health
epidemiologic studies
SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
FINNISH ADOLESCENTS
SOCIAL NETWORKING
EATING-DISORDERS
POPULATION
DEPRESSION
TRENDS
DELINQUENCY
COMORBIDITY
PREVALENCE
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
515 Psychology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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