Consumption of snacks and dental caries among Finnish young men : a cross-sectional epidemiological study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/331932

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Tanner , T , Harju , L , Pakkila , J , Patinen , P , Tjäderhane , L & Anttonen , V 2020 , ' Consumption of snacks and dental caries among Finnish young men : a cross-sectional epidemiological study ' , Odontology , vol. 108 , no. 3 , pp. 486-492 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-019-00473-z

Title: Consumption of snacks and dental caries among Finnish young men : a cross-sectional epidemiological study
Author: Tanner, Tarja; Harju, Laura; Pakkila, Jari; Patinen, Pertti; Tjäderhane, Leo; Anttonen, Vuokko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2020-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Odontology
ISSN: 1618-1247
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/331932
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of consumption of snack products, as well as the association between snacking and restorative treatment need, and associated factors among a healthy Finnish male population. Approximately 8500 conscripts answered a computer-based questionnaire covering their snacking habits and other health behaviours. Restorative treatment need and history (DT, DMFT) were examined by trained and calibrated dentists. Cross-tabulations were used to investigate the associations between snacking habits and the other researched variables, and logistic regression analyses (odds ratio and 95% confidence interval) were used to investigate the variables influencing the restorative treatment need. In the present study, almost one-third of the study group consumed snack products daily, most often fizzy and energy drinks. Only 10% had received a diet counselling. The most common situations involving snacking were at the cinema and while playing computer games. According to Pearson's Chi square test, snacking was associated with smoking and snuffing and infrequent tooth brushing (p <0.001). According to the regression analyses, daily snacking, smoking, and doing exercise daily increased the odds for restorative treatment need whereas higher education level and tooth brushing twice or more often per day decreased the odds for restorative treatment need. It can be concluded that daily snacking is common among Finnish young men and is associated with restorative treatment need. Snacking is also associated with other harmful oral and general health habits. Individual dietary counselling should be routinely offered to everybody in dental clinics.
Subject: Dental caries
Diet counselling
Health behaviour
Physical exercise
Snacking
DIETARY HABITS
ORAL-HEALTH
ENERGY-INTAKE
ADOLESCENTS
DETERMINANTS
NUTRITION
ADULTS
313 Dentistry
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