Perceived Environmental Aesthetic Qualities Scale (PEAQS) : A self-report tool for the evaluation of green-blue spaces

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Subiza-Pérez , M , Hauru , K , Korpela , K , Haapala , A & Lehvävirta , S 2019 , ' Perceived Environmental Aesthetic Qualities Scale (PEAQS) : A self-report tool for the evaluation of green-blue spaces ' , Urban Forestry & Urban Greening , vol. 43 , 126383 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2019.126383

Title: Perceived Environmental Aesthetic Qualities Scale (PEAQS) : A self-report tool for the evaluation of green-blue spaces
Author: Subiza-Pérez, Mikel; Hauru, Kaisa; Korpela, Kalevi; Haapala, Arto; Lehvävirta, Susanna
Contributor organization: Fifth Dimension - Vegetated roofs and walls in urban areas
Aesthetics
Department of Philosophy, History and Art Studies
Date: 2019-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
ISSN: 1618-8667
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2019.126383
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332220
Abstract: Aesthetic qualifies of urban green and blue spaces have received considerable attention in scientific literature but are operationalized in multiple ways and lack clear assessment and measurement techniques. To fill in this gap, we developed a Perceived Environmental Aesthetic Qualifies Scale (PEAQS). Based on previous literature both in philosophy and empirical sciences we created a questionnaire with 36 statements and three open questions focusing on the perceived aesthetic qualifies of environments. This questionnaire was used to sample 331 respondents in three sites different in their level of naturalness, human intervention and design: a natural-like but managed urban forest, a partly human-made and intensively managed bay-park and a completely human-made green roof. These sites were selected to represent a variety of urban green and blue infrastructure common in cities. The results suggest a scale that consists of 23 statements and five factors that reflect perceived aesthetic qualifies of urban green spaces: Harmony, Mystery, Multisensority & Nature, Visual Spaciousness and Visual Diversity, and Sublimity. We give guidelines for further development and testing of the scale in order to prove its potential to develop the field of environmental aesthetics and to demonstrate its usefulness for adaptive, evidence-based urban planning and design.
Subject: Adaptive planning
Cultural ecosystem services
Environmental aesthetics
Landscape perception
Scale development
Urban environment
RESTORATIVE EXPERIENCES
URBAN FORESTS
HUMAN HEALTH
LANDSCAPE
PREFERENCE
DIMENSIONS
FRAMEWORK
PLACE
AWE
BIODIVERSITY
1172 Environmental sciences
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
4112 Forestry
519 Social and economic geography
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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