Water Quality and Life Expectancy: Parallel Courses in Time

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Angelakis , A N , Vuorinen , H S , Nikolaidis , C , Juuti , P S , Katko , T S , Juuti , R P , Zhang , J & Samonis , G 2021 , ' Water Quality and Life Expectancy: Parallel Courses in Time ' , Water (Basel) , vol. 13 , no. 6 , 752 . https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060752

Title: Water Quality and Life Expectancy: Parallel Courses in Time
Author: Angelakis, Andreas N.; Vuorinen, Heikki S.; Nikolaidis, Christos; Juuti, Petri S.; Katko, Tapio S.; Juuti, Riikka P.; Zhang, Jim; Samonis, George
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
Date: 2021-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Water (Basel)
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060752
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332439
Abstract: Since ancient times, the need for healthy water has resulted in the development of various kinds of water supply systems. From early history, civilizations have developed water purification devices and treatment methods. The necessity for fresh water has influenced individual lives as well as communities and societies. During the last two hundred years, intensive and effective efforts have been made internationally for sufficient water quantity and quality. At the same time, human life expectancy has increased all over the globe at unprecedented rates. The present work represents an effort to sketch out how water purity and life expectancy have entangled, thus influencing one another. Water properties and characteristics have directly affected life quality and longevity. The dramatic increase in life expectancy has been, indisputably, affected by the improvement in water quality, but also in other concomitant factors, varying temporally and spatially in different parts of the world throughout the centuries. Water technologies and engineering have an unequivocal role on life expectancy. In some cases, they appear to have taken place earlier than the progress of modern medicine. Among these, improved sanitation, personal hygiene, progress in medicine, and better standards of economic living have played the greatest roles.
Subject: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
contemporary times
historical times
life expectancy
medieval times
population growth
water quality
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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