Characterization of the Cancer Spectrum in Men With Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 Pathogenic Variants Results From the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA)

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CIMBA Grp , Silvestri , V , Leslie , G , Barnes , D R , Aittomäki , K & Nevanlinna , H 2020 , ' Characterization of the Cancer Spectrum in Men With Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 Pathogenic Variants Results From the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA) ' , JAMA Oncology , vol. 6 , no. 8 , pp. 1218-1230 . https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2134

Title: Characterization of the Cancer Spectrum in Men With Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 Pathogenic Variants Results From the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA)
Author: CIMBA Grp; Silvestri, Valentina; Leslie, Goska; Barnes, Daniel R.; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Nevanlinna, Heli
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, HUS Gynecology and Obstetrics








Date: 2020-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: JAMA Oncology
ISSN: 2374-2437
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2134
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332518
Abstract: Importance The limited data on cancer phenotypes in men with germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variants (PVs) have hampered the development of evidence-based recommendations for early cancer detection and risk reduction in this population. Objective To compare the cancer spectrum and frequencies between male BRCA1 and BRCA2 PV carriers. Design, Setting, and Participants Retrospective cohort study of 6902 men, including 3651 BRCA1 and 3251 BRCA2 PV carriers, older than 18 years recruited from cancer genetics clinics from 1966 to 2017 by 53 study groups in 33 countries worldwide collaborating through the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA). Clinical data and pathologic characteristics were collected. Main Outcomes and Measures BRCA1/2 status was the outcome in a logistic regression, and cancer diagnoses were the independent predictors. All odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for age, country of origin, and calendar year of the first interview. Results Among the 6902 men in the study (median [range] age, 51.6 [18-100] years), 1634 cancers were diagnosed in 1376 men (19.9%), the majority (922 of 1,376 [67%]) being BRCA2 PV carriers. Being affected by any cancer was associated with a higher probability of being a BRCA2, rather than a BRCA1, PV carrier (OR, 3.23; 95% CI, 2.81-3.70; P <.001), as well as developing 2 (OR, 7.97; 95% CI, 5.47-11.60; P <.001) and 3 (OR, 19.60; 95% CI, 4.64-82.89; P <.001) primary tumors. A higher frequency of breast (OR, 5.47; 95% CI, 4.06-7.37; P <.001) and prostate (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.09-1.78; P = .008) cancers was associated with a higher probability of being a BRCA2 PV carrier. Among cancers other than breast and prostate, pancreatic cancer was associated with a higher probability (OR, 3.00; 95% CI, 1.55-5.81; P = .001) and colorectal cancer with a lower probability (OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.29-0.78; P = .003) of being a BRCA2 PV carrier. Conclusions and Relevance Significant differences in the cancer spectrum were observed in male BRCA2, compared with BRCA1, PV carriers. These data may inform future recommendations for surveillance of BRCA1/2-associated cancers and guide future prospective studies for estimating cancer risks in men with BRCA1/2 PVs. This cohort study compares the cancer spectrum and frequencies between male BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers. Question Are there cancer phenotype differences between male BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers? Findings In this cohort study of 6902 men with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 pathogenic variant, being affected by cancer, particularly breast, prostate, and pancreatic cancers and developing multiple primary tumors, was associated with a higher probability for a man of being a BRCA2, rather than a BRCA1, pathogenic variant carrier. Meaning Surveillance programs in men with BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variants should be tailored in light of these gene-specific cancer phenotype differences. These results may inform the design of prospective studies on cancer risks in male BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers.
Subject: GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
PROSTATE-CANCER
BREAST-CANCER
MUTATION CARRIERS
RISK
GUIDELINES
3122 Cancers
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