Does counter-habitual behavior carry psychological costs?

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Leikas , S , Kuula , L & Pesonen , A-K 2021 , ' Does counter-habitual behavior carry psychological costs? ' , Journal of Research in Personality , vol. 92 , 104077 .

Title: Does counter-habitual behavior carry psychological costs?
Author: Leikas, Sointu; Kuula, Liisa; Pesonen, Anu-Katriina
Contributor organization: Swedish School of Social Science
Faculty Common Matters (Faculty of Education)
SLEEPWELL Research Program
Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Mind and Matter
Doctoral Programme in Cognition, Learning, Instruction and Communication
Behavioural Sciences
Date: 2021-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Journal of Research in Personality
ISSN: 0092-6566
Abstract: Experience sampling studies have shown that people act out of character a lot of the time. These findings have raised the question of potential costs of counter-habitual behavior. The present experience sampling study (N = 242; measurement occasions = 4342) tested, for five behavioral dimensions derived from the Big Five theory, whether self-reported counter-habitual behavior is related to psychological costs in everyday life. The results mostly supported the view that engaging in desirable counter-habitual behaviors is beneficial, though some evidence for counter-habitual costs was found for self-control. Overall, the results suggest that the state-content significance hypothesis better accounts for everyday life behavioral, affective, and self-regulatory processes than the views highlighting the importance of acting according to one's "true self" (C) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Subject: Personality
Big five
Counter-habitual behavior
515 Psychology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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