The consolidated European synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions for the European Union and United Kingdom : 1990-2017

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Petrescu , A M R , Qiu , C , Ciais , P , Thompson , R L , Peylin , P , McGrath , M J , Solazzo , E , Janssens-Maenhout , G , Tubiello , F N , Bergamaschi , P , Brunner , D , Peters , G P , Höglund-Isaksson , L , Regnier , P , Lauerwald , R , Bastviken , D , Tsuruta , A , Winiwarter , W , Patra , P K , Kuhnert , M , Oreggioni , G D , Crippa , M , Saunois , M , Perugini , L , Markkanen , T , Aalto , T , Zwaaftink , C D G , Tian , H , Yao , Y , Wilson , C , Conchedda , G , Günther , D , Leip , A , Smith , P , Haussaire , J-M , Leppänen , A T , Manning , A J , McNorton , J , Brockmann , P & Dolman , A J 2021 , ' The consolidated European synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions for the European Union and United Kingdom : 1990-2017 ' , Earth system science data , vol. 13 , no. 5 , pp. 2307-2362 .

Title: The consolidated European synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions for the European Union and United Kingdom : 1990-2017
Author: Petrescu, Ana Maria Roxana; Qiu, Chunjing; Ciais, Philippe; Thompson, Rona L.; Peylin, Philippe; McGrath, Matthew J.; Solazzo, Efisio; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Tubiello, Francesco N.; Bergamaschi, Peter; Brunner, Dominik; Peters, Glen P.; Höglund-Isaksson, Lena; Regnier, Pierre; Lauerwald, Ronny; Bastviken, David; Tsuruta, Aki; Winiwarter, Wilfried; Patra, Prabir K.; Kuhnert, Matthias; Oreggioni, Gabriel D.; Crippa, Monica; Saunois, Marielle; Perugini, Lucia; Markkanen, Tiina; Aalto, Tuula; Zwaaftink, Christine D. Groot; Tian, Hanqin; Yao, Yuanzhi; Wilson, Chris; Conchedda, Giulia; Günther, Dirk; Leip, Adrian; Smith, Pete; Haussaire, Jean-Matthieu; Leppänen, Antti Tapio; Manning, Alistair J.; McNorton, Joe; Brockmann, Patrick; Dolman, Albertus Johannes
Contributor organization: Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Date: 2021-05-28
Language: eng
Number of pages: 56
Belongs to series: Earth system science data
ISSN: 1866-3508
Abstract: Reliable quantification of the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases, together with trends and uncertainties, is essential to monitoring the progress in mitigating anthropogenic emissions under the Paris Agreement. This study provides a consolidated synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions with consistently derived state-of-the-art bottom-up (BU) and top-down (TD) data sources for the European Union and UK (EU27 C UK). We integrate recent emission inventory data, ecosystem process-based model results and inverse modeling estimates over the period 1990-2017. BU and TD products are compared with European national greenhouse gas inventories (NGHGIs) reported to the UN climate convention UNFCCC secretariat in 2019. For uncertainties, we used for NGHGIs the standard deviation obtained by varying parameters of inventory calculations, reported by the member states (MSs) following the recommendations of the IPCC Guidelines. For atmospheric inversion models (TD) or other inventory datasets (BU), we defined uncertainties from the spread between different model estimates or model-specific uncertainties when reported. In comparing NGHGIs with other approaches, a key source of bias is the activities included, e.g., anthropogenic versus anthropogenic plus natural fluxes. In inversions, the separation between anthropogenic and natural emissions is sensitive to the geospatial prior distribution of emissions. Over the 2011-2015 period, which is the common denominator of data availability between all sources, the anthropogenic BU approaches are directly comparable, reporting mean emissions of 20.8 TgCH(4) yr (-1) (EDGAR v5.0) and 19.0 TgCH(4) yr(-1) (GAINS), consistent with the NGHGI estimates of 18.9 +/- 1.7 TgCH(4) yr(-1). The estimates of TD total inversions give higher emission estimates, as they also include natural emissions. Over the same period regional TD inversions with higher-resolution atmospheric transport models give a mean emission of 28.8 TgCH(4) yr(-1). Coarser-resolution global TD inversions are consistent with regional TD inversions, for global inversions with GOSAT satellite data (23.3 TgCH(4) yr(-1)) and surface network (24.4 TgCH(4) yr (-1)). The magnitude of natural peatland emissions from the JSBACH-HIMMELI model, natural rivers and lakes emissions, and geological sources together account for the gap between NGHGIs and inversions and account for 5.2 TgCH(4) yr(-1). For N2O emissions, over the 2011-2015 period, both BU approaches (EDGAR v5.0 and GAINS) give a mean value of anthropogenic emissions of 0.8 and 0.9 TgN(2)Oyr(-1), respectively, agreeing with the NGHGI data (0.9 0.6 TgN(2)Oyr(-1)). Over the same period, the average of the three total TD global and regional inversions was 1.3 +/- 0.4 and 1.3 +/- 0.1 TgN(2)Oyr(-1), respectively. The TD and BU comparison method defined in this study can be operationalized for future yearly updates for the calculation of CH4 and N2O budgets both at the EU CUK scale and at the national scale.
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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