Effects of experimental warming on Betula nana epidermal cell growth tested over its maximum climatological growth range

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332697

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Ercan , F E Z , Mikola , J , Silfver , T , Myller , K , Vainio , E , Slowinska , S , Slowinski , M , Lamentowicz , M , Blok , D & Wagner-Cremer , F 2021 , ' Effects of experimental warming on Betula nana epidermal cell growth tested over its maximum climatological growth range ' , PLoS One , vol. 16 , no. 5 , 0251625 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251625

Title: Effects of experimental warming on Betula nana epidermal cell growth tested over its maximum climatological growth range
Author: Ercan, Fabian E. Z.; Mikola, Juha; Silfver, Tarja; Myller, Kristiina; Vainio, Elina; Slowinska, Sandra; Slowinski, Michal; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Blok, Daan; Wagner-Cremer, Friederike
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Date: 2021-05-19
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332697
Abstract: Numerous long-term, free-air plant growth facilities currently explore vegetation responses to the ongoing climate change in northern latitudes. Open top chamber (OTC) experiments as well as the experimental set-ups with active warming focus on many facets of plant growth and performance, but information on morphological alterations of plant cells is still scarce. Here we compare the effects of in-situ warming on leaf epidermal cell expansion in dwarf birch, Betula nana in Finland, Greenland, and Poland. The localities of the three in-situ warming experiments represent contrasting regions of B. nana distribution, with the sites in Finland and Greenland representing the current main distribution in low and high Arctic, respectively, and the continental site in Poland as a B. nana relict Holocene microrefugium. We quantified the epidermal cell lateral expansion by microscopic analysis of B. nana leaf cuticles. The leaves were produced in paired experimental treatment plots with either artificial warming or ambient temperature. At all localities, the leaves were collected in two years at the end of the growing season to facilitate between-site and within-site comparison. The measured parameters included the epidermal cell area and circumference, and using these, the degree of cell wall undulation was calculated as an Undulation Index (UI). We found enhanced leaf epidermal cell expansion under experimental warming, except for the extremely low temperature Greenland site where no significant difference occurred between the treatments. These results demonstrate a strong response of leaf growth at individual cell level to growing season temperature, but also suggest that in harsh conditions other environmental factors may limit this response. Our results provide evidence of the relevance of climate warming for plant leaf maturation and underpin the importance of studies covering large geographical scales.
Subject: PLANT PHENOLOGY
ATMOSPHERIC CO2
GROWING-SEASON
FOSSIL LEAVES
CLIMATE
MIRE
DIVERSITY
PROXIES
CANOPY
FOREST
1172 Environmental sciences
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