Foodborne Zoonoses Common in Hunted Wild Boars

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332803

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Fredriksson-Ahomaa , M , London , L , Skrzypczak , T , Kantala , T , Laamanen , I , Bistrom , M , Maunula , L & Gadd , T 2020 , ' Foodborne Zoonoses Common in Hunted Wild Boars ' , EcoHealth , vol. 17 , no. 4 , pp. 512-522 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-020-01509-5

Title: Foodborne Zoonoses Common in Hunted Wild Boars
Author: Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Maria; London, Laura; Skrzypczak, Teresa; Kantala, Tuija; Laamanen, Ilona; Bistrom, Mia; Maunula, Leena; Gadd, Tuija
Contributor organization: Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
Helsinki One Health (HOH)
Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa / Principal Investigator
University Management
Leena Maunula / Principal Investigator
Food and Environmental Virology Research Group
Date: 2020-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: EcoHealth
ISSN: 1612-9202
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-020-01509-5
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332803
Abstract: The northern European wild boar population has increased during the last decade. Highest wild boar numbers in Finland have been reported in the southeastern part near the Russian border. Wild boars may be infected with several human and animal pathogens. In this study, we investigated the presence of important foodborne pathogens in wild boars hunted in 2016 in Finland using serology, PCR and culturing. Seroprevalence of Salmonella (38%) and Yersinia (56%) infections was high in wild boars. Antibodies to hepatitis E virus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella were found in 18%, 9% and 9% of the wild boars, respectively. Trichinella antibodies were detected in 1% of the animals. We recorded no differences in the seroprevalence between males and females. However, Yersinia and T. gondii antibodies were detected significantly more often in adults than in young individuals. Listeria monocytogenes (48%) and stx-positive Escherichia coli (33%) determinants were frequently detected in the visceral organs (spleen and kidneys) by PCR. Yersinia pseudotuberculosis O:1 and L. monocytogenes 2a and 4b were identified by culturing from the PCR-positive samples. Brucella suis biovar 2 was isolated from visceral organs. No African swine fever, classical swine fever or Aujeszky's disease were detected in the wild boars. Our study shows that wild boars are important reservoirs of foodborne pathogens.
Subject: Foodborne pathogens
Infectious diseases
Wild boar
Public health
Serology
Hygiene
Hunting
HEPATITIS-E VIRUS
SUIS BIOVAR 2
SUS-SCROFA
TOXOPLASMA-GONDII
BRUCELLA-SUIS
YERSINIA-ENTEROCOLITICA
ESCHERICHIA-COLI
IDENTIFICATION
TRICHINOSIS
RESERVOIR
11832 Microbiology and virology
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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