Environmental Product Declarations for plants and soils : how to quantify carbon uptake in landscape design and construction?

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dc.contributor.author Kuittinen, Matti
dc.contributor.author Hautamaki, Ranja
dc.contributor.author Tuhkanen, Eeva-Maria
dc.contributor.author Riikonen, Anu
dc.contributor.author Ariluoma, Mari
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-09T06:44:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-09T06:44:01Z
dc.date.issued 2021-06
dc.identifier.citation Kuittinen , M , Hautamaki , R , Tuhkanen , E-M , Riikonen , A & Ariluoma , M 2021 , ' Environmental Product Declarations for plants and soils : how to quantify carbon uptake in landscape design and construction? ' , International journal of life cycle assessment , vol. 26 , pp. 1100-1116 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-021-01926-w
dc.identifier.other PURE: 167307511
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 68e63e3a-1b2b-4572-826b-86f3ac9e0394
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000658993400003
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-5762-6173/work/98270768
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/332929
dc.description.abstract Purpose Currently, no clear guidance exists for ISO and EN standards of calculating, verifying, and reporting the climate impacts of plants, mulches, and soils used in landscape design and construction. In order to optimise the potential of ecosystem services in the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in the built environment, we unequivocally propose their inclusion when assessing sustainability. Methods We analysed the life cycle phases of plants, soils, and mulches from the viewpoint of compiling standard-based Environmental Product Declarations. In comparison to other construction products, the differences of both mass and carbon flows were identified in these products. Results Living and organic products of green infrastructure require an LCA approach of their own. Most importantly, if conventional life cycle guidance for Environmental Product Declarations were to be followed, over time, the asymmetric mass and carbon flows would lead to skewed conclusions. Moreover, the ability of plants to reproduce raises additional questions for allocating environmental impacts. Conclusions We present a set of recommendations that are required for compiling Environmental Product Declarations for the studied products of green infrastructure. In order to enable the quantification of the climate change mitigation potential of these products, it is essential that work for further development of LCA guidance be mandated. en
dc.format.extent 17
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof International journal of life cycle assessment
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Environmental Product Declaration
dc.subject Carbon
dc.subject Landscape design
dc.subject Plant
dc.subject Soil
dc.subject Mulch
dc.subject Life cycle assessment
dc.subject URBAN SOILS
dc.subject GREEN
dc.subject EMISSIONS
dc.subject STOCKS
dc.subject MODEL
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.title Environmental Product Declarations for plants and soils : how to quantify carbon uptake in landscape design and construction? en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Agricultural Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Department of Forest Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Forest Ecology and Management
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-021-01926-w
dc.relation.issn 0948-3349
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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