Democracy vs. demography : Rethinking politics and the people as debate

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Palonen , E 2021 , ' Democracy vs. demography : Rethinking politics and the people as debate ' , Thesis eleven , vol. 164 , no. 1 , 0725513620983686 , pp. 88-103 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0725513620983686

Title: Democracy vs. demography : Rethinking politics and the people as debate
Author: Palonen, Emilia
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Political Science

Date: 2021-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Thesis eleven
ISSN: 0725-5136
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0725513620983686
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333212
Abstract: Rise of populist politics in the 21s century calls scholars and politicians alike to reflect upon the question of how politics and democracy have been understood. Drawing on the theory of hegemony, this article establishes a distinction between democracy and 'demography' as a key line of conceptualization in politics. It highlights a central misunderstanding at the core of the demonization of populism: For radical democratic theory, 'the people' is not a demographic, socio-economic, or historically sedimented category tied to some characteristics, but a performative process of 'being' and 'becoming' 'the people' as a self-consciously enacted polity. This statement challenges the taken-for-granted status of subjectivities of political struggle and links this approach to other contemporary discussions of politics, democracy, and populism. After discussing how anti, neo and post-foundational theoretical accounts on populism reveal a dimension of politics and representation, this article emphasizes action and performativity over static categories and models characteristic of political realism and political system approaches.
Subject: democracy
liberalism
people
populism
representation
5171 Political Science
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