Induced Genetic Variations in Fruit Trees Using New Breeding Tools : Food Security and Climate Resilience

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dc.contributor.author Sattar, Muhammad Naeem
dc.contributor.author Iqbal, Zafar
dc.contributor.author Al-Khayri, Jameel M.
dc.contributor.author Jain, Shri Mohan
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-17T05:06:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-17T05:06:01Z
dc.date.issued 2021-07
dc.identifier.citation Sattar , M N , Iqbal , Z , Al-Khayri , J M & Jain , S M 2021 , ' Induced Genetic Variations in Fruit Trees Using New Breeding Tools : Food Security and Climate Resilience ' , Plants (Basel) , vol. 10 , no. 7 , 1347 . https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071347
dc.identifier.other PURE: 167650713
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 38a1dc5d-9de0-40eb-b57a-576cc2b4b9dc
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000676866400001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333220
dc.description.abstract Fruit trees provide essential nutrients to humans by contributing to major agricultural outputs and economic growth globally. However, major constraints to sustainable agricultural productivity are the uncontrolled proliferation of the population, and biotic and abiotic stresses. Tree mutation breeding has been substantially improved using different physical and chemical mutagens. Nonetheless, tree plant breeding has certain crucial bottlenecks including a long life cycle, ploidy level, occurrence of sequence polymorphisms, nature of parthenocarpic fruit development and linkage. Genetic engineering of trees has focused on boosting quality traits such as productivity, wood quality, and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Recent technological advances in genome editing provide a unique opportunity for the genetic improvement of woody plants. This review examines application of the CRISPR-Cas system to reduce disease susceptibility, alter plant architecture, enhance fruit quality, and improve yields. Examples are discussed of the contemporary CRISPR-Cas system to engineer easily scorable PDS genes, modify lignin, and to alter the flowering onset, fertility, tree architecture and certain biotic stresses. en
dc.format.extent 36
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Plants (Basel)
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject mutagenesis
dc.subject TILLING
dc.subject genome editing
dc.subject targeted mutation
dc.subject CRISPR-Cas
dc.subject transgene-free
dc.subject fruit trees
dc.subject RNA-GUIDED ENDONUCLEASE
dc.subject CRISPR-CAS SYSTEMS
dc.subject TARGETED MUTAGENESIS
dc.subject EVOLUTIONARY CLASSIFICATION
dc.subject TISSUE-CULTURE
dc.subject DNA REPLICONS
dc.subject FLORAL-DIP
dc.subject BABY-BOOM
dc.subject PLANT
dc.subject RESISTANCE
dc.subject 11831 Plant biology
dc.title Induced Genetic Variations in Fruit Trees Using New Breeding Tools : Food Security and Climate Resilience en
dc.type Review Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Agricultural Sciences
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071347
dc.relation.issn 2223-7747
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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