Ice nucleation by viruses and their potential for cloud glaciation

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dc.contributor.author Adams, Michael P.
dc.contributor.author Atanasova, Nina S.
dc.contributor.author Sofieva, Svetlana
dc.contributor.author Ravantti, Janne
dc.contributor.author Heikkinen, Aino
dc.contributor.author Brasseur, Zoe
dc.contributor.author Duplissy, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Bamford, Dennis H.
dc.contributor.author Murray, Benjamin J.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-17T08:26:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-17T08:26:01Z
dc.date.issued 2021-07-28
dc.identifier.citation Adams , M P , Atanasova , N S , Sofieva , S , Ravantti , J , Heikkinen , A , Brasseur , Z , Duplissy , J , Bamford , D H & Murray , B J 2021 , ' Ice nucleation by viruses and their potential for cloud glaciation ' , Biogeosciences , vol. 18 , no. 14 , pp. 4431-4444 . https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-4431-2021
dc.identifier.other PURE: 167655555
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 55b9169d-8726-4b51-86fe-1c37b4ce44a2
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000679663700003
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-1120-7405/work/98607708
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6438-8118/work/98607909
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-8578-7230/work/98609571
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-5387-018X/work/98611486
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85111776227
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333239
dc.description.abstract In order to effectively predict the formation of ice in clouds we need to know which subsets of aerosol particles are effective at nucleating ice, how they are distributed and where they are from. A large proportion of ice-nucleating particles (INPs) in many locations are likely of biological origin, and some INPs are extremely small, being just tens of nanometres in size. The identity and sources of such INPs are not well characterized. Here, we show that several different types of virus particles can nucleate ice, with up to about 1 in 20 million virus particles able to nucleate ice at -20 degrees C. In terms of the impact on cloud glaciation, the ice-nucleating ability (the fraction which are ice nucleation active as a function of temperature) taken together with typical virus particle concentrations in the atmosphere leads to the conclusion that virus particles make a minor contribution to the atmospheric ice-nucleating particle population in the terrestrial-influenced atmosphere. However, they cannot be ruled out as being important in the remote marine atmosphere. It is striking that virus particles have an ice-nucleating activity, and further work should be done to explore other types of viruses for both their ice-nucleating potential and to understand the mechanism by which viruses nucleate ice. en
dc.format.extent 14
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Biogeosciences
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject SEA-SPRAY AEROSOL
dc.subject PARTICLES
dc.subject MARINE
dc.subject NUCLEI
dc.subject BACTERIA
dc.subject AIR
dc.subject BACTERIOPHAGES
dc.subject PURIFICATION
dc.subject QUANTITATION
dc.subject TERRESTRIAL
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.subject 1171 Geosciences
dc.title Ice nucleation by viruses and their potential for cloud glaciation en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
dc.contributor.organization Aerovirology Research Group
dc.contributor.organization Biosciences
dc.contributor.organization Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
dc.contributor.organization Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Physics
dc.contributor.organization Polar and arctic atmospheric research (PANDA)
dc.contributor.organization Structure of the Viral Universe
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-4431-2021
dc.relation.issn 1726-4170
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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