Phases of collaborative mathematical problem solving and joint attention : a case study utilizing mobile gaze tracking

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dc.contributor.author Salminen-Saari, Jessica F. A.
dc.contributor.author Garcia Moreno-Esteva, Enrique
dc.contributor.author Haataja, Eeva
dc.contributor.author Toivanen, Miika
dc.contributor.author Hannula, Markku S.
dc.contributor.author Laine, Anu
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-17T13:57:02Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-17T13:57:02Z
dc.date.issued 2021-08
dc.identifier.citation Salminen-Saari , J F A , Garcia Moreno-Esteva , E , Haataja , E , Toivanen , M , Hannula , M S & Laine , A 2021 , ' Phases of collaborative mathematical problem solving and joint attention : a case study utilizing mobile gaze tracking ' , ZDM , vol. 53 , no. 4 , pp. 771-784 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11858-021-01280-z
dc.identifier.other PURE: 167660633
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 97a562e0-c7c7-49fd-a4a2-f1da3311b5b9
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000659437900001
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-3881-8134/work/98607709
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-4979-7711/work/98608200
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-2466-4576/work/98611491
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333254
dc.description.abstract Given the recent development of mobile gaze-tracking devices it has become possible to view and interpret what the student sees and unravel the associated problem-solving processes further. It has also become possible to pinpoint joint attention occurrences that are fundamental for learning. In this study, we examined joint attention in collaborative mathematical problem solving. We studied the thought processes of four 15-16-year-old students in their regular classroom, using mobile gaze tracking, video and audio recordings, and smartpens. The four students worked as a group to find the shortest path to connect the vertices of a square. Combining information on the student gaze targets with a qualitative interpretation of the context, we identified the occurrences of joint attention, out of which 49 were joint visual attention occurrences and 28 were attention to different representations of the same mathematical idea. We call this joint representational attention. We discovered that 'verifying' (43%) and 'watching and listening' (35%) were the most common phases during joint attention. The most frequently occurring problem solving phases right after joint attention were also 'verifying' (47%) and 'watching and listening' (34%). We detected phase cycles commonly found in individual problem-solving processes ('planning and exploring', 'implementing', and 'verifying') outside of joint attention. We also detected phase shifts between 'verifying', 'watching and listening', and 'understanding' a problem, often occurring during joint attention. Therefore, these phases can be seen as a signal of successful interaction and the promotion of collaboration. en
dc.format.extent 14
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof ZDM
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Problem solving
dc.subject Phases of problem solving
dc.subject Joint attention
dc.subject Representation
dc.subject Gaze tracking
dc.subject Small group collaboration
dc.subject EYE-TRACKING
dc.subject 516 Educational sciences
dc.title Phases of collaborative mathematical problem solving and joint attention : a case study utilizing mobile gaze tracking en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Educational Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Maker@STEAM
dc.contributor.organization Mobile gaze tracking of social interaction
dc.contributor.organization Department of Education
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s11858-021-01280-z
dc.relation.issn 1863-9690
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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