Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Various Propolis Samples Collected from an African and an Asian Region and Their Impact on Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333349

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Touzani , S , Imtara , H , Katekhaye , S , Mechchate , H , Ouassou , H , Alqahtani , A S , Noman , O M , Nasr , F A , Fearnley , H , Fearnley , J , Paradkar , A , ElArabi , I & Lyoussi , B 2021 , ' Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Various Propolis Samples Collected from an African and an Asian Region and Their Impact on Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities ' , Molecules , vol. 26 , no. 15 , 4589 . https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26154589

Julkaisun nimi: Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Various Propolis Samples Collected from an African and an Asian Region and Their Impact on Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities
Tekijä: Touzani, Soumaya; Imtara, Hamada; Katekhaye, Shankar; Mechchate, Hamza; Ouassou, Hayat; Alqahtani, Ali S.; Noman, Omar M.; Nasr, Fahd A.; Fearnley, Hugo; Fearnley, James; Paradkar, Anant; ElArabi, Ilham; Lyoussi, Badiaa
Muu tekijä: University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
Päiväys: 2021-08
Kieli: eng
Sivumäärä: 17
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Molecules
ISSN: 1420-3049
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333349
Tiivistelmä: The biological activities of propolis samples are the result of many bioactive compounds present in the propolis. The aim of the present study was to determine the various chemical compounds of some selected propolis samples collected from Palestine and Morocco by the High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Photodiode Array Detection (HPLC-PDA) method, as well as the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of this bee product. The chemical analysis of propolis samples by HPLC-PDA shows the cinnamic acid content in the Palestinian sample is higher compared to that in Moroccan propolis. The results of antioxidant activity demonstrated an important free radical scavenging activity (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH); 2,2 '-azino-bis 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) and reducing power assays) with EC50 values ranging between 0.02 +/- 0.001 and 0.14 +/- 0.01 mg/mL. Additionally, all tested propolis samples possessed a moderate antibacterial activity against bacterial strains. Notably, Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) values ranged from 0.31 to 2.50 mg/mL for Gram-negative bacterial strains and from 0.09 to 0.125 mg/mL for Gram-positive bacterial strains. The S2 sample from Morocco and the S4 sample from Palestine had the highest content of polyphenol level. Thus, the strong antioxidant and antibacterial properties were apparently due to the high total phenolic and flavone/flavonol contents in the samples. As a conclusion, the activities of propolis samples collected from both countries are similar, while the cinnamic acid in the Palestinian samples was more than that of the Moroccan samples.
Avainsanat: propolis
phenolic profile
HPLC
antioxidant and antibacterial activity
CAPACITY
HONEY
116 Chemical sciences
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