The impact of COVID-19 on daily lives of transnational people teased on smartphone data : Estonians in Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333384

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Järv , O , Tominga , A , Müürisepp , K & Silm , S 2021 , ' The impact of COVID-19 on daily lives of transnational people teased on smartphone data : Estonians in Finland ' , Journal of Location Based Services , vol. 15 , no. 3 , pp. 169-197 . https://doi.org/10.1080/17489725.2021.1887526

Title: The impact of COVID-19 on daily lives of transnational people teased on smartphone data : Estonians in Finland
Author: Järv, Olle; Tominga, Ago; Müürisepp, Kerli; Silm, Siiri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Digital Geography Lab
University of Helsinki, Digital Geography Lab
Date: 2021-02-21
Language: eng
Number of pages: 29
Belongs to series: Journal of Location Based Services
ISSN: 1748-9725
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333384
Abstract: Global crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic affect both the functioning of our societies and the daily lives of people. Yet the impact of the crisis and its mitigation measures have exerted disproportionate influence on different population groups. In March – May 2020, COVID-19 mitigation measures such as closures of national borders affected transnational people who cross borders frequently for work, shopping, services, family reasons and socialising. We have examined the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the daily lives of transnational Estonians residing in Finland, based on a unique longitudinal smartphone tracking survey. Findings show that besides a drastic but expected decrease in trans-nationals’ spatial mobility, the pandemic has especially affected their cross-border mobility patterns to and time spent in Estonia. Interestingly, during the lockdown, some transnationals decided to stay not in their primary home in Finland, but in Estonia. Mobile phone communication activity followed moderately the downward trend of spatial mobility, but the crisis changed the division of communication partners by country: Finnish contacts diminished, whereas Estonian partners remained active. We reflect on our findings for future research and discuss the applicability of the smart-phone tracking approach for capturing the socio-spatial interactions of transnational people.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
519 Social and economic geography
COVID-19
human mobility
social interaction
smartphone tracking
transnational people
MOBILE POSITIONING DATA
SOCIAL MEDIA
MIGRATION
MOBILITIES
SPACES
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