Liquorice for pain?

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Bell , R F , Moreira , V M , Kalso , E & Yli-Kauhaluoma , J 2021 , ' Liquorice for pain? ' , Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology , vol. 11 , 20451253211024873 , pp. 1-13 . https://doi.org/10.1177/20451253211024873

Title: Liquorice for pain?
Author: Bell, Rae Frances; Moreira, Vânia M.; Kalso, Eija; Yli-Kauhaluoma, Jari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Divisions of Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Helsinki, HUS Perioperative, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine
University of Helsinki, Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology
Date: 2021-07-16
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology
ISSN: 2045-1253
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333424
Abstract: Liquorice has a long history of use in traditional Chinese, Ayurvedic and herbal medicine. The liquorice plant contains numerous bioactive compounds, including triterpenes, flavonoids and secondary metabolites, with glycyrrhizin being the main active compound. Liquorice constituents have been found to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, anticancer, hepatoprotective and neuroprotective properties. In addition, they appear to have antidepressant actions and effects on morphine tolerance. Glycyrrhizin, its metabolite glycyrrhetic (glycyrrhetinic) acid and other liquorice-derived compounds such as isoflavonoids and trans-chalcones, exert potent anti-inflammatory effects via a wide range of mechanisms including high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) inhibition, gap junction blockade and alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor antagonism. These properties, together with an increasing body of preclinical studies and a long history of use in herbal medicine, suggest that liquorice constituents may be useful for pain management. Glycyrrhizin is used widely in the confectionary, food and tobacco industries, but has documented adverse effects that may limit clinical use. Whether liquorice plant-derived compounds represent a novel class of analgesics is yet to be established. Having a host of bioactive compounds with a broad range of mechanisms of effect, liquorice is a plant that, in the future, may give rise to new therapies for pain.
Subject: CARBENOXOLONE
CHRONIC HEPATITIS-C
GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID
GLYCYRRHIZIC ACID
LIQUIRITIN
NEUROPATHIC PAIN
PHARMACOKINETICS
POSTOPERATIVE SORE THROAT
SERUM TESTOSTERONE
URALENSIS
glycyrrhizin
inflammation
liquorice
pain
317 Pharmacy
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