Dental caries prevalence in children with congenital heart disease - a systematic review

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333548

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Karikoski , E , Sarkola , T & Blomqvist , M 2021 , ' Dental caries prevalence in children with congenital heart disease - a systematic review ' , Acta Odontologica Scandinavica , vol. 79 , no. 3 , pp. 232-240 . https://doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2020.1849792

Title: Dental caries prevalence in children with congenital heart disease - a systematic review
Author: Karikoski, Essi; Sarkola, Taisto; Blomqvist, My
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, HUS Children and Adolescents
University of Helsinki, Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry
Date: 2021-03-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
ISSN: 0001-6357
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333548
Abstract: Aim Poor oral health is related with bacteraemia that may lead to endocarditis in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review to compare caries prevalence in children ( Material and methods A literature search of studies from two online databases (Pubmed (MEDLINE) and Scopus) published from January 2000 to October 2019 using Medical subject heading terms Congenital Heart Disease, Congenital Heart Defect, and Caries was done, and manual search from the reference lists of selected publications. PICO (Patient/Population, Intervention, Comparison group, and Outcome) criteria was applied. Quality of the publications was assessed with the modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Results The search resulted in 151 articles of which nine fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Caries prevalence was significantly higher in children with CHD compared to healthy children in three out of nine studies. Information on predisposing background factors was limited but difference in caries prevalence was not attributed to SES. The quality of the studies varied. Conclusions Although evidence is limited, the current literature indicates that children with CHD experience a higher caries prevalence compared to healthy children.
Subject: Dental caries
congenital heart defect
congenital heart disease
systematic review
313 Dentistry
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