Neuropsychological outcome of cognitive training in mild to moderate dementia : A randomized controlled trial

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Pysyväisosoite

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333611

Lähdeviite

Kallio , E-L , Hietanen , M , Kautiainen , H & Pitkälä , K H 2021 , ' Neuropsychological outcome of cognitive training in mild to moderate dementia : A randomized controlled trial ' , Neuropsychological Rehabilitation , vol. 31 , no. 6 , pp. 935-953 . https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2020.1749674

Julkaisun nimi: Neuropsychological outcome of cognitive training in mild to moderate dementia : A randomized controlled trial
Tekijä: Kallio, Eeva-Liisa; Hietanen, Marja; Kautiainen, Hannu; Pitkälä, Kaisu H.
Tekijän organisaatio: HUS Neurocenter
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
University of Helsinki
Helsinki University Hospital Area
Department of Neurosciences
Clinicum
Teachers' Academy
Päiväys: 2021-07
Kieli: eng
Sivumäärä: 19
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
ISSN: 0960-2011
DOI-tunniste: https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2020.1749674
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333611
Tiivistelmä: Effectiveness of a 12-week cognitive training (CT) programme for community-dwelling patients with dementia was evaluated on various cognitive functions (attention, memory, executive functions and reasoning) and psychological well-being (PWB). A single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted in adult day care centres in Helsinki, Finland. Participants (N = 147) were older individuals with mild to moderate dementia living at home and attending day care (mean age 83 years, 72% female, 63% at mild stage of dementia). The intervention group (n= 76) received systematic CT for 45 min twice a week while the control group (n = 71) attended day care as usual. The cognitive and psychological outcomes were measured at baseline, and followed up at 3 and 9 months. No differences between the two groups in changes of any of the cognitive functions, or PWB over time were found. We observed a positive trend at 3 months in the change for PWB favouring the intervention group, but no significant interaction effect was found (p = .079;d = -0.31). Thus, systematic CT appears to have no effect on neuropsychological outcomes of cognitive functioning and PWB in older adults who already have dementia.
Avainsanat: Cognition
Cognitive training
Dementia
Executive functions
Psychological well-being
FRONTAL ASSESSMENT BATTERY
EARLY ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
REHABILITATION THERAPIES
IMPAIRMENT MCI
OLDER-ADULTS
PEOPLE
MEMORY
PROGRAM
INTERVENTIONS
DIAGNOSIS
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
515 Psychology
Vertaisarvioitu: Kyllä
Pääsyrajoitteet: openAccess
Rinnakkaistallennettu versio: acceptedVersion


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