Diagnosis-Specific Work Disability before and after Lumbar Spine Decompression Surgery—A Register Study from Sweden

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333690

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Dorner, T.E.; Mittendorfer-Rutz, E.; Helgesson, M.; Lallukka, T.; Ervasti, J.; Pazarlis, K.; Ropponen, A.; Svedberg, P.; Wang, M.; Rahman, S. Diagnosis-Specific Work Disability before and after Lumbar Spine Decompression Surgery—A Register Study from Sweden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8937.

Title: Diagnosis-Specific Work Disability before and after Lumbar Spine Decompression Surgery—A Register Study from Sweden
Author: Dorner, Thomas E.; Mittendorfer-Rutz, Ellenor; Helgesson, Magnus; Lallukka, Tea; Ervasti, Jenni; Pazarlis, Konstantinos; Ropponen, Annina; Svedberg, Pia; Wang, Mo; Rahman, Syed
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-08-25
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333690
Abstract: Low back pain (LBP) patients undergoing lumbar spine decompression surgery (LSDS) often suffer from multi-comorbidity and experience high work disability. This study aimed to identify diagnosis-specific work disability patterns in all LBP-patients before and after LSDS during 2008–2010, that were aged 19–60 years and living in Sweden (<i>n</i> = 10,800) and compare these patterns to LBP-patients without LSDS (<i>n</i> = 109,179), and to matched individuals without LBP (<i>n</i> = 472,191). Work disability days (long-term sickness absence (LTSA), disability pension (DP)) during the three years before to three years after the cohort’s entry date were identified by generalised estimating equations. LBP-patients undergoing LSDS had higher overall work disability during the three years following surgery (LTSA: 23.6%, DP: 6.3%) than LBP-patients without LSDS (LTSA: 19.5%, DP: 5.9%), and those without LBP (LTSA: 7.9%, DP: 1.7%). Among patients undergoing LSDS, the prevalence of work disability due to dorsopathies increased from 20 days three years before surgery to 70 days in the year after and attenuated to 30 days in the third year following surgery. Work disability for other diagnoses remained stable at a low level in this group (&lt;10 days annually). LBP-patients undergoing LSDS have an unfavourable long-term work disability prognosis, primarily due to dorsopathies. Decompression surgery seemed to restrict further inclines in work disability in the long run.


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