Oral findings and treatment of patients with face transplants in Helsinki

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333947

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Norrman , A , Nylund , K , Ruokonen , H , Mauno , J , Mesimäki , K , Haapaniemi , A , Lassus , P & Helenius-Hietala , J 2021 , ' Oral findings and treatment of patients with face transplants in Helsinki ' , Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology , vol. 132 , no. 1 , pp. 44-51 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2021.01.006

Title: Oral findings and treatment of patients with face transplants in Helsinki
Author: Norrman, Annika; Nylund, Karita; Ruokonen, Hellevi; Mauno, Jari; Mesimäki, Karri; Haapaniemi, Aaro; Lassus, Patrik; Helenius-Hietala, Jaana
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, HUS Musculoskeletal and Plastic Surgery
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2021-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology
ISSN: 2212-4403
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333947
Abstract: Objectives. Oral health and balanced occlusion are important aspects of a well-functioning face transplant. This study describes the oral and dental status, dental management, and sialoendoscopy of the first 2 patients in Helsinki who underwent face transplantations. Study Design. Two patients received near-full face transplantations in 2016 and 2018, respectively. The transplanted tissues included a Le Fort type II maxilla, angle-to-angle mandible, all oral mucosa, ventral tongue tissue, and the muscles of the floor of the mouth. Comprehensive oral examinations and all required dental treatment, including follow-up examinations, were performed for both patients after the transplantations. Results. Both patients rehabilitated well, and their quality of life improved. Stable, functioning dentition and occlusion were achieved for both patients. Hyposalivation and dental caries were issues for both patients. Patient 1 also experienced infections in the jaws. Implants were placed in the transplanted jaws of patient 2 with successful osseointegration. Conclusions. We report successful tooth-bearing face transplantations in 2 patients. Patient selection, particularly regarding oral health, is crucial in avoiding posttransplantation complications. Moreover, the oral and dental status of the donor should be examined by a dentist before transplantation, and regular follow-up dental examinations should be performed after transplantation.
Subject: QUALITY-OF-LIFE
RESTORATION
MANAGEMENT
313 Dentistry
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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