The role of online group norms and social identity in youth problem gambling

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Savolainen , I , Oksanen , A , Kaakinen , M , Sirola , A , Zych , I & Paek , H-J 2021 , ' The role of online group norms and social identity in youth problem gambling ' , Computers in Human Behavior , vol. 122 , 106828 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.106828

Title: The role of online group norms and social identity in youth problem gambling
Author: Savolainen, Iina; Oksanen, Atte; Kaakinen, Markus; Sirola, Anu; Zych, Izabela; Paek, Hye-Jin
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Tampere University
University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy
Date: 2021-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Computers in Human Behavior
ISSN: 0747-5632
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333949
Abstract: The Internet and technologies have increased gambling opportunities globally, normalizing gambling among young individuals. Youth are active Internet users and susceptible to group norms, but little is known about group behavior and norms in online interaction. This study examined if following perceived majority opinions about gambling content (i.e., gambling norms) in online interaction is associated with youth problem gambling. Participants were 15-25-year-old youths in Finland (n = 1200; 50% female), South Korea (n = 1192; 50.42% female), Spain (n = 1212; 48.76% female), and the United States (n = 1212; 50.17% female). The participants took an online survey including a vignette experiment. In the vignette experiment, half of the participants were assigned to an in-group condition. The participants saw simulated gambling-themed social media messages with manipulated majority reactions. Norm conformity online was assessed using a within-person calculation. Norm conformity online was associated with youth problem gambling in all countries. In South Korea, this association was moderated by in-group norm source. The results indicate that young people who engage in problematic gambling may be more susceptible to conforming to perceived gambling norms online, but cultural differences exist. Intervention strategies should utilize educative online programs providing young problem gamblers accurate information about gambling.
Subject: Youth
Online interaction
Online groups
Problem gambling
Social identity
Social norms
SUBJECTIVE INVULNERABILITY
PERCEIVED NORMS
SELF-ESTEEM
INTERNET
ADOLESCENTS
BEHAVIOR
HEALTH
RISK
IDENTIFICATION
IMPULSIVITY
5144 Social psychology
513 Law
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